ASTM D3953 - 13

    Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals

    Active Standard ASTM D3953 | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.25

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Abstract

    This specification covers flat steel strapping and seals intended for use in closing, reinforcing, bundling articles for shipment, unitizing, palletizing, and bracing for carloading, truckloading, lifting, and lashing. This specification does not include specialty-type strapping as developed for special applications or strapping produced from alloy metals. Strapping shall be of the following types: Type 1 and Type II; shall be of the following finish: Finish A, Finish B including Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3, Finish C and Finish D; and shall have the prescribed widths and thicknesses in accordance with the specified sizes. Seals shall be of the following classes: Class R and Class H; finishes: Finish A, Finish B including Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3, Finish C, and Finish D; and styles: Style I, Style II, Style III, Style IV, and Style V. Materials shall be cold-rolled carbon steel of the prescribed quality. Strapping and seal shall conform to the physical and mechanical property requirements prescribed for: (1) breaking strength, elongation and seal joint strength, (2) lubrication (by lubricity and edge tests), (3) weld efficiency, (4) seal width, (5) seal application, (6) notch, crimp, and sealless joints, (7) galvanized strapping (by weight loss test), (8) ductility of strapping coating, (9) base metal ductility (by bending test), and (10) straightness (camber, coil set, and spiral twist). The coil configuration are specified and illustrated. Sampling and packaging requirements such as wrapping and packing are also detailed.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers flat steel strapping and seals intended for use in closing, reinforcing, bundling articles for shipment, unitizing, palletizing, and bracing for carloading, truckloading, lifting, and lashing.

    1.2 This specification includes strapping and seals made from carbon steel and applies only to the types and sizes as cataloged by strapping suppliers to be a standard, commercially available product. It does not include “specialty”-type strapping as developed for special applications or strapping produced from alloy metals.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard.

    1.4 Performance characteristics may be negatively affected by extremes of temperatures, such as occur during the annealing of steel.

    1.5 The following safety hazards caveat applies only to the test method portion, Sections 11, 12, and 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A90/A90M Test Method for Weight [Mass] of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings

    A109/A109M Specification for Steel, Strip, Carbon (0.25 Maximum Percent), Cold-Rolled

    A239 Practice for Locating the Thinnest Spot in a Zinc (Galvanized) Coating on Iron or Steel Articles,

    B504 Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Metallic Coatings by the Coulometric Method

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging

    D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing

    D4675 Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials

    D6039/D6039M Specification for Open and Covered Wood Crates

    D6880 Specification for Wood Boxes

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    Military Standard

    MIL-STD-105 Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes

    AAR Rules

    AAR Open Top Loading Rules Manual, Section No. 1, General Rules for Loading All Commodities, Part 2, Rule 17 and Section No. 7, Rules for Loading All Commodities on Open Top Trailers and Containers for Rail Transport, Part 2, Rule 117


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.040 (Packaging materials and accessories)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D3953

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3953-13, Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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