ASTM D3951 - 10

    Standard Practice for Commercial Packaging

    Active Standard ASTM D3951 | Developed by Subcommittee: D10.27

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Significance and Use

    This practice covers the requirements for the commercial preservation, packaging, packing (exterior container), unitization, and marking for supplies and equipment. It provides for multiple handling and shipment by any mode, and storage periods of a minimum of one year in enclosed facilities without damage to the product. It also provides for package quantities suitable for redistribution without additional repackaging or marking. Planned storage that exceeds one year requires more than minimum requirements for physical and mechanical protection.

    This practice is applicable to Department of Defense shipments for:

    Items intended for immediate use;

    Items for not-mission-capable supply;

    Items intended for depot operational consumption;

    Small parcel shipments (CONUS), not-for-stock; and

    Direct vendor deliveries (CONUS ONLY).

    All other Department of Defense shipments shall be in accordance with MIL-STD-20731.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice establishes minimum requirements for packaging of supplies and equipment, exclusive of ammunition, explosives, or hazardous materials, as covered in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

    1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    D1974 Practice for Methods of Closing, Sealing, and Reinforcing Fiberboard Boxes

    D4169 Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

    D5118/D5118M Practice for Fabrication of Fiberboard Shipping Boxes

    D5168 Practice for Fabrication and Closure of Triple-Wall Corrugated Fiberboard Containers

    D5445 Practice for Pictorial Markings for Handling of Goods

    D6039/D6039M Specification for Open and Covered Wood Crates

    D6251/D6251M Specification for Wood-Cleated Panelboard Shipping Boxes

    D6254/D6254M Specification for Wirebound Pallet-Type Wood Boxes

    D6255/D6255M Specification for Steel or Aluminum Slotted Angle Crates

    D6256/D6256M Specification for Wood-Cleated Shipping Boxes with Skidded, Load-Bearing Bases

    D6880 Specification for Wood Boxes

    D7478/D7478M Specification for Heavy Duty Sheathed Wood Crates

    Code of Federal Regulations

    Title49 Transportation (Parts 100 to 199)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 55.020 (Packaging and distibution of goods in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/D3951-10

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