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Significance and Use
This test method sets forth a procedure by which duplicate catalyst samples can be compared either on an interlaboratory or intralaboratory basis. It is anticipated that catalyst producers and users will find this test method of value.
Discrimination of the samples for which this procedure is recommended must be exercised when considering carrier (support) materials that sorb appreciable quantities of hydrogen or could cause an alteration of the state of the catalyst during pretreatment, or both, (that is, sintering or metal occlusion). These materials must be identified by the user and experimented with to determine the most significant conditions of measurement.
This test method provides a measure of the total hydrogen uptake (volume of hydrogen at STP, cm3/g of catalyst) without specifying the nature of the hydrogen-platinum interaction. Persons interested in using hydrogen uptake data to calculate percent platinum dispersion in a specific catalyst should be aware of carrier (support) interactions, spillover effects, and other phenomena related to the hydrogen uptake capabilities of the catalyst in question.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the chemisorption of hydrogen at 298 K (25°C) on supported platinum catalysts that have been reduced in flowing hydrogen at 723 K (450°C). It incorporates a static volumetric vacuum technique at constant volume.
1.2 The test method is intended for use on unused supported platinum on alumina catalysts of loadings greater than 0.3 weight %. Data on other supports and lower platinum loadings were not tested.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D3766 Terminology Relating to Catalysts and Catalysis
E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods
E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method