ASTM D3801 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics of Solid Plastics in a Vertical Position

    Active Standard ASTM D3801 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.30

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Significance and Use

    The tests results represent afterflame and afterglow time in seconds for a material of specified shape, under the conditions of this test method.

    The effect of material thickness, color additives, and possible loss of volatile components is measurable.

    The results, when tabulated, are potentially useful as a reference for comparing the relative performance of materials and as an aid in material selection.

    In this procedure, the specimens are subjected to one or more specific sets of laboratory test conditions. Different test conditions will likely result in changes in the fire-test-response characteristics measured. Therefore, the results are valid only for the fire-test-exposure conditions described in this test method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This fire-test-response standard covers a small-scale laboratory procedure for determining comparative burning characteristics of solid-plastic material, using a 20-mm (50W) premixed flame applied to the base of specimens held in a vertical position.

    Note 1—This test method and the 20 mm (50W) Vertical Burning Test (V-0, V-1, or V-2) of ANSI/UL 94 are equivalent.

    Note 2—This test method and Test Method B of IEC 606951110 are equivalent. IEC 606951110 has replaced ISO 1210.

    Note 3—For additional information on materials that burn up to the holding clamp by this test method, see Test Method D635. For test methods of flexible plastics in the form of thin sheets and film, see Test Method D4804. For additional information on comparative burning characteristics and resistance to burn-through, see Test Method D5048.

    1.2 This test method was developed for polymeric materials used for parts in devices and appliances. The results are intended to serve as a preliminary indication of their acceptability with respect to flammability for a particular application. The final acceptance of the material is dependent upon its use in complete equipment that conforms with the standards applicable to such equipment.

    1.3 The classification system described in the appendix is intended for quality assurance and the preselection of component materials for products.

    1.4 It is possible that this test is applicable to nonmetallic materials other than plastics. Such application is outside the scope of this technical committee.

    1.5 This test method does not cover plastics when used for building construction, finishing or contents such as wall and floor coverings, furnishings, decorative objects etc. In addition, the fire resistance (in terms of an hourly rating), flame spread, smoke characterization and heat release rate are not evaluated by this test. Other fire tests exist and shall be used to evaluate the flammability of materials in these intended end use product configuration.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D635 Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D4804 Test Method for Determining the Flammability Characteristics of Nonrigid Solid Plastics

    D5025 Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials

    D5048 Test Method for Measuring the Comparative Burning Characteristics and Resistance to Burn-Through of Solid Plastics Using a 125-mm Flame

    D5207 Practice for Confirmation of 20-mm (50-W) and 125-mm (500-W) Test Flames for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials

    E176 Terminology of Fire Standards

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    IEC Standard

    60695–11&ndash Fire Hazard Testing--Part 11-10: Test Flames--50W Horizontal and Vertical Flame Test Methods

    UL Standard

    ANSI/UL94 Test for Flammability of Plastic Materials for Parts in Devices and Appliances


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.220.40 (Ignitability and burning behaviour of materials and products); 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)


    DOI: 10.1520/D3801-10

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