Active Standard ASTM D3787 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.59
Book of Standards Volume: 07.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test method for the determination of ball bursting strength of textiles is being used by the textile industry for the evaluation of a wide variety of fabrics.
Test results obtained using the procedures in Test Method D3787 have not been correlated with actual performance. Test Method D3787 is considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments of textiles fabrics for bursting strength since the method has been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing. In cases of disagreement arising from differences in values reported by the purchaser and the seller when using Test Method D3787 for acceptance testing, the statistical bias, if any, between the laboratory of the purchaser and the laboratory of the seller should be determined with comparison based on testing specimens randomly drawn from one sample of material of the type being evaluated.
Note 2—The kind force transfer and strength that occur when knitted goods are worn is prevented by clamping them as directed in this test method.
If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two (or more) laboratories, comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them. The test samples used should be: as homogeneous as possible, drawn from the material from which the disparate test results were obtained, and randomly assigned in equal numbers to the laboratories for testing. Other materials with established test values may be used for this purpose. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either the cause must be determined and corrected or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of known bias.
1.1 This test method describes the measurement for bursting strength with a ball burst strength tester of textiles or garments that exhibit a high degree of ultimate elongation.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the test, the inch-pound units are shown in parenthesis. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system may be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance within the specification.
Note 1—For the measurement of bursting strength with a hydraulic testing machine, refer to Test Method D3786.
1.3 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D76 Specification for Tensile Testing Machines for Textiles
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D3786 Test Method for Bursting Strength of Textile Fabrics--Diaphragm Bursting Strength Tester Method
D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods
ICS Number Code 59.080.30 (Textile fabrics)