ASTM D3760 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Isopropylbenzene (Cumene) by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D3760 | Developed by Subcommittee: D16.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method is suitable for setting specifications on the materials referenced in 1.2 and for use as an internal quality control tool where isopropylbenzene is produced or is used in a manufacturing process. It may also be used in development or research work involving isopropylbenzene.

    4.2 This test method is useful in determining the purity of isopropylbenzene with normal impurities present including diisopropylbenzenes. If extremely high boiling or unusual impurities are present in the isopropylbenzene, this test method would not necessarily detect them and the purity calculation would be erroneous.

    4.3 Cumene hydroperoxide, if present, will yield decomposition products that will elute in the chromatogram thereby giving incorrect results.

    4.4 The nonaromatic hydrocarbons commonly present from the isopropylbenzene manufacturing process will interfere with the determination of benzene when Column A in Table 1 is used.

    4.5 The internal standard must be sufficiently resolved from any impurity and the isopropylbenzene peak.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the purity of isopropylbenzene (cumene) by gas chromatography.

    1.2 This test method has been found applicable to the measurement of impurities such as nonaromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, ethylbenzene, t-butylbenzene, n-propylbenzene, alpha-methylstyrene, sec-butylbenzene, and diisopropylbenzene, which are common to the manufacturing process of isopropylbenzene. Limit of detection for these impurities is 10 mg/kg (see 5.1). This method has been found applicable for concentrations of various components up to 571 ppm.

    1.3 In determining the conformance of the test results using this method to applicable specifications, results shall be rounded off in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3437 Practice for Sampling and Handling Liquid Cyclic Products

    D6809 Guide for Quality Control and Quality Assurance Procedures for Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography

    E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E1510 Practice for Installing Fused Silica Open Tubular Capillary Columns in Gas Chromatographs


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.10 (Aliphatic hydrocarbons)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352005(Aromatic or heterocyclic compounds)


    DOI: 10.1520/D3760

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