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Significance and Use
5.1 The major organic constituents in industrial waste water need to be identified for support of effective in-plant or pollution control programs. Currently, the most practical means for tentatively identifying and measuring a range of volatile organic compounds is gas-liquid chromatography.
1.1 This test method covers a wide range of alcohols with various structures and boiling points that can be separated and detected quantitatively in water and waste water at a minimum detection limit of approximately 1 mg/L by aqueous-injection gas-liquid chromatography.2 This test method can also be used to detect other volatile organic compounds qualitatively. Organic acids, amines, and high boiling, highly polar compounds are not readily detectable under this set of conditions. For analysis of organics with similar functionalities, refer to other test methods in Volumes 11.01 and 11.02 of the Annual Book of ASTM Standards.
1.2 This test method utilizes the procedures and precautions as described in Practice D2908. Utilize the procedures and precautions as described therein.
1.3 This test method has been used successfully with reagent grade Type II and natural chlorinated tap waters. It is the user's responsibility to assure the validity of this test method for any untested matrices.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2908 Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography
D3856 Guide for Management Systems in Laboratories Engaged in Analysis of Water
D4210 Practice for Intralaboratory Quality Control Procedures and a Discussion on Reporting Low-Level Data
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)