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Significance and Use
Fabrics intended for this end-use should meet all the requirements listed in Table 1.
It should be recognized that fabric can be produced utilizing an almost infinite number of combinations of construction variables (e.g., type of fibers, percentage of fibers, yarn twist, yarn number, warp and pick count, chemical and mechanical finished). Additionally, fashion and aesthetics dictate that the ultimate consumer may find acceptable articles made from fabrics that do not conform to all of the requirements in Table 1.
Hence, no single performance specification can possibly apply to all the various fabrics that could be utilized for this end-use.
The uses and significance of particular properties and test methods are discussed in the appropriate sections of the specified methods.
1.1 This performance specification covers performance requirements for vinyl-coated and urethane-coated upholstery fabrics produced with woven, knit, or nonwoven substrates which are used in the manufacture of new indoor furniture.
1.2 This performance specification is not applicable to fabrics used in porch, deck, or lawn furniture; nor for plain knit fabrics and plain, tufted, or flocked, woven upholstery fabrics.
1.3 These requirements apply to the length and width directions for those properties where fabric direction is pertinent.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D1175 Method of Test for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder and Uniform Abrasion); Replaced by D 4157, D 4158
D1203 Test Methods for Volatile Loss From Plastics Using Activated Carbon Methods
D2097 Test Method for Flex Testing of Finish on Upholstery Leather
D2136 Test Method for Coated Fabrics--Low-Temperature Bend Test
D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
AATCC Test MethodsEvaluation Procedure 3 Chromatic Transference Scale
Chemical Fabrics and Film Association StandardsCFFA-20 Test for Tearing Strength, Procedure B--Tongue Method
ICS Number Code 59.080.40 (Coated fabrics)
UNSPSC Code 11162113(Upholstery fabrics); 11162112(Coated fabrics)
ASTM D3690-02(2009), Standard Performance Specification for Vinyl-Coated and Urethane-Coated Upholstery Fabrics-Indoor, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top