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Significance and Use
Promulgations by the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 29 CFR 1910 designate that certain organic compounds must not be present in workplace atmospheres at concentrations above specified values.
This practice, when used in conjunction with Practice D3686, will promote needed accuracy and precision in the determination of airborne concentrations of many of the organic chemicals given in 29 CFR 1910, CDC-99-74-45, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, OSHA Sampling and Analytical Methods, HSE Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances, and BGIA GESTIS Analytical Methods. It can be used to determine worker exposures to these chemicals, provided appropriate sampling periods are used.
Most laboratories are equipped with apparatus similar to that described in Section 7. Other apparatus can be used when analytical procedures suitable for that equipment are employed. The analytical techniques (or variations thereof) described in Sections 9-11 are in general use to analyze volatile organic compounds extracted from charcoal. Other procedures can be used when appropriate.
1.1 This practice covers the applications of methods for the extraction and gas chromatographic determination of organic vapors that have been adsorbed from air in sampling tubes packed with activated charcoal.
1.2 This practice is complementary to Practice D3686.
1.3 This practice is applicable for analysis of samples taken from workplace or other atmospheres provided that the contaminant adsorbs onto charcoal, that it can be adequately extracted from the charcoal, and that it can be analyzed by gas chromatography (GC). Other adsorbents and other extraction techniques are described in Practice D6196.
1.4 Organic compounds of multicomponent samples may mutually interfere during analysis. Methods to resolve interferences are given in Section 6.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautions are given in 8.4, 9.2, and in A1.2.3.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres
D3686 Practice for Sampling Atmospheres to Collect Organic Compound Vapors (Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method)
D6196 Practice for Selection of Sorbents, Sampling, and Thermal Desorption Analysis Procedures for Volatile Organic Compounds in Air
E355 Practice for Gas Chromatography Terms and Relationships
NIOSH StandardsNIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, 4th Ed. NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM). http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nmam/ (accessed 1/2007).
ICS Number Code 13.040.20 (Ambient atmospheres)
UNSPSC Code 77121504(Air pollution monitoring or measurement services)
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ASTM D3687-07(2012), Standard Practice for Analysis of Organic Compound Vapors Collected by the Activated Charcoal Tube Adsorption Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top