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This specification covers the general requirements for materials used in rubber seals of flat-plate solar collectors, except vertically mounted passive collectors. Particular applications may necessitate other requirements that would take precedence over these requirements when specified. The rubber seals are classified into types, grades, and classes: type C - intended for use in cold climates, and type W - intended for use in warm climates; grades 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 that differ in hardness properties; class PS - preformed rubber seal, and class SC - sealing compound. Seals shall be rubber vulcanizates conforming to the requirements prescribed. The adhesion, volatiles lost, and volatiles condensable shall be tested to meet the requirements prescribed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the general requirements for materials used in rubber seals of flat-plate solar collectors, except vertically mounted passive collectors. Particular applications may necessitate other requirements that would take precedence over these requirements when specified.
1.2 The design requirement pertains only to permissible deflections of the rubber during thermal expansion or contraction of the seal in use and the tolerances in dimensions of molded and extruded seals.
1.3 This specification does not include requirements pertaining to the fabrication or installation of the seals.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to Section , Test Methods, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C661 Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Elastomeric-Type Sealants by Means of a Durometer
C717 Terminology of Building Seals and Sealants
C719 Test Method for Adhesion and Cohesion of Elastomeric Joint Sealants Under Cyclic Movement (Hockman Cycle)
D395 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Compression Set
D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
D865 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)
D1149 Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration--Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
D1229 Test Method for Rubber Property--Compression Set at Low Temperatures
D1349 Practice for Rubber--Standard Temperatures for Testing
D1415 Test Method for Rubber Property--International Hardness
D1566 Terminology Relating to Rubber
D2137 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
D3183 Practice for Rubber--Preparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products
G7 Practice for Atmospheric Environmental Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials
G26 Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Xenon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials (Discontinued 2001)
G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources
G155 Practice for Operating Xenon Arc Light Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Materials
Other StandardsRMA Handbook --Rubber Products: Molded, Extruded, Lathe Cut, and Cellular
ICS Number Code 21.140 (Seals, glands)
UNSPSC Code 31410000(Seals)
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ASTM D3667-16, Standard Specification for Rubber Seals Used in Flat-Plate Solar Collectors, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.orgBack to Top