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This test method covers the enzymatic determination of citrate in both liquid and solid synthetic detergents. The test method is applicable to most detergents containing citrate at a minimum concentration of approximately 5 %. The apparatus to be used in the determination of citrate shall includes interval timer, micropipet, and spectrophotometer. An enzyme system that is based upon the selective cleavage of citrate by citrate lyase (citrate oxaloacetate-lyase; EC 220.127.116.11) shall be employed. One of the products, oxaloacetate, shall be reduced to malate by malic dehydrogenase (L-malate: NAD oxidoreductase; EC 18.104.22.168) with the simultaneous oxidation of reduced (beta)-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide to (beta)-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, oxidized form. The course of the reaction shall be measured spectrophotometrically. The decrease in absorbance at 340 nm caused by the formation of (beta)-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, oxidized form, is directly proportional to the concentration of citrate.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This test method covers the enzymatic determination of citrate in both liquid and solid synthetic detergents. The test method is applicable to most detergents containing citrate at a minimum concentration of approximately 5 % (1-8).
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Material Safety Data Sheets are available for reagents and materials. Review them for hazards prior to usage.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D501 Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
ICS Number Code 71.100.40 (Surface active agents)
UNSPSC Code 12161902(Detergent surfactants)
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ASTM D3598-89(2009), Standard Test Method for Citrate in Synthetic Detergents, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.orgBack to Top