ASTM D3594 - 93(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Copolymerized Ethyl Acrylate In Ethylene-Ethyl Acrylate Copolymers

    Active Standard ASTM D3594 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Ethyl acrylate is copolymerized with ethylene to produce film, molding, and wire coating resins with improved physical properties. Ethyl acrylate comonomer increases flexibility, stress cracking resistance, toughness, and clarity. A rapid quantitative technique is needed for the evaluation of the amount of ethyl acrylate in a resin for specification purposes because physical properties change rapidly with increasing comonomer content.

    5.2 Infrared spectrophotometric analysis, when suitably calibrated, can be used for the measurement of the concentration of comonomer present. Calibration is performed with samples that have been analyzed for oxygen content by fast neutron activation analysis. Oxygen content is converted to ethyl acrylate comonomer content by a simple calculation.

    5.3 A purpose of the infrared method of analysis is to provide a procedure for use in quality control analysis. It is a rapid, secondary method of analysis as contrasted with the more expensive and time-consuming fast neutron activation analysis which is the primary, calibrating method.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers ethylene-ethyl acrylate copolymers containing from 1 to 25 % ethyl acrylate comonomer.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. (See IEEE/ASTM SI-10.)

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1There is no known ISO equivalent to this standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1898 Practice for Sampling of Plastics

    E131 Terminology Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy

    E168 Practices for General Techniques of Infrared Quantitative Analysis

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E275 Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers); 13101703(Fluorocarbon FKM)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D3594-93R13

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3594-93(2013), Standard Test Method for Copolymerized Ethyl Acrylate In Ethylene-Ethyl Acrylate Copolymers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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