ASTM D3561 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Lithium, Potassium, and Sodium Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    Active Standard ASTM D3561 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.02


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    Significance and Use

    Identification of a brackish water, seawater, or brine is determined by comparison of the concentrations of their dissolved constituents. The results are used to evaluate the water as a possible pollutant, or as a commercial source of a valuable constituent such as lithium.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of soluble lithium, potassium, and sodium ions in brackish water, seawater, and brines by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.

    1.2 Samples containing from 0.1 to 70 000 mg/L of lithium, potassium, and sodium may be analyzed by this test method.

    1.3 This test method has been used successfully with artificial brine samples. It is the user's responsibility to ensure the validity of this test method for waters of untested matrices.

    1.4 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1129 Terminology Relating to Water

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2777 Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Test Methods of Committee D19 on Water

    D3370 Practices for Sampling Water from Closed Conduits

    D5810 Guide for Spiking into Aqueous Samples

    D5847 Practice for Writing Quality Control Specifications for Standard Test Methods for Water Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.060.50 (Examination of water for chemical substances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D3561-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3561-11, Standard Test Method for Lithium, Potassium, and Sodium Ions in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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