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Significance and Use
This test method is useful for determining the formic acid content of glacial acetic acid by chemical means.
Low molecular weight organic acids (such as acetic and propionic), aldehydes (including formaldehyde and acetaldehyde), ketones, and alcohols (including methyl alcohol) do not interfere with the test.
Formic acid (and other reducing substances) may be present as a result of contamination during storage, distribution, and manufacture. This test method may be used in assessing compliance with a specification.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the formic acid (and other reducing substances) content of glacial acetic acid by oxidation with lead tetraacetate.
1.2 For purposes of determining conformance of an observed or a calculated value using this test method to relevant specifications, test result(s) shall be rounded off “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.4 For hazard information and guidance, see the supplier's Material Safety Data Sheets.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E200 Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis
ICS Number Code 71.080.40 (Organic acids)
UNSPSC Code 12352106(Organic acids or its substitutes)
ASTM D3546-05(2011), Standard Test Method for Formic Acid in Glacial Acetic Acid, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top