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Significance and Use
The solubility of fixed gases in liquids is an important engineering parameter in the design of hydraulic systems. It is a measure of the amount of gas that can be released from solution when a system undergoes changes in pressure and temperature. Theoretical considerations permit approximate values of gas solubility to be computed with reasonable accuracy. Dissolved gases are separated and quantified chromatographically. The test method is restricted to use with low-boiling liquid samples.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the solubilities of nonreactive gases such as nitrogen and helium in liquids that boil below 273 K. This test method is applicable at temperatures from 77 to 300 K from subambient pressure to 6.5 MPa (65 atm). This test method does not provide for analysis of the vapor phase in equilibrium with the liquid (see Section 3 for a description of terms).
1.2 This test method as written describes the procedures to be followed for determination of the solubilities of helium and nitrogen. If suitable modifications are made to the analytical measurements by gas chromatography, solubilities of other gases such as argon, hydrogen, oxygen, etc., can be determined.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. In cases where materials, products, or equipment are available in inch-pound units only, SI units are omitted.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 6.1.2 and 7.1 and Annex A1.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E260 Practice for Packed Column Gas Chromatography
ICS Number Code 75.060 (Natural gas)
UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)
ASTM D3429-93(2012), Standard Test Method for Solubility of Fixed Gases in Low-Boiling Liquids, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top