Significance and Use
5.1 Thermal analysis provides a rapid method for measuring transitions due to morphological or chemical changes, in a polymer as it is heated/cooled through a specified temperature range. Change in specific heat capacity, heat flow and temperature values are determined for these transitions. Differential scanning calorimetry is used to assist in identifying specific polymers, polymer alloys, and certain polymer additives, which exhibit thermal transitions. Chemical reactions that cause or affect certain transitions have been measured with the aid of this technique; such reactions include oxidation, curing of thermosetting resins, and thermal decomposition.
5.2 This test method is useful for specification acceptance, process control, and research.
1.1 This test method covers determination of transition temperatures and enthalpies of fusion and crystallization of polymers by differential scanning calorimetry.
—True heats of fusion are to be determined in conjunction with structure investigation, and frequently, specialized crystallization techniques are needed.
1.2 This test method is applicable to polymers in granular form or to any fabricated shape from which it is possible to cut appropriate specimens.
1.3 The normal operating temperature range is from the cryogenic region to 600°C. Certain equipment allows the temperature range to be extended.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are the standard.
—This test method does not apply to all types of polymers as written (see 6.8).
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
—This standard is similar but not equivalent to ISO 11357-1, -2, -3. The ISO procedures provide additional information not supplied by this test method.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
E967 Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers
E968 Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
E1142 Terminology Relating to Thermophysical Properties
E1953 Practice for Description of Thermal Analysis and Rheology Apparatus
ISO 11357-3 Plastics--Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)--Part 3: Determination of Temperature and Enthalpy of Melting and Crystallization
crystallization; crystallization temperature; differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); enthalpy; first-order transition; glass transition; heat of crystallization; heat of fusion; heat of transition; melting; melting temperature; polymer; transition temperature;
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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