Active Standard ASTM D3414 | Developed by Subcommittee: D19.06
Book of Standards Volume: 11.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test method provides a means for the comparison of waterborne oil samples with potential sources. The waterborne samples may be emulsified in water or obtained from beaches, boats, oil-soaked debris, and so forth.
The unknown oil is identified by the similarity of its infrared spectrum with that of a potential source oil obtained from a known source, selected because of its possible relationship to the unknown oil.
The analysis is capable of comparing most oils. Difficulties may be encountered if a spill occurs in an already polluted area, that is, the spilled-oil mixes with another oil.
In certain cases, there may be interfering substances which require modification of the infrared test method or the use of other test methods (see Practice D3326, Method D.)
It is desirable, whenever possible, to apply other independent analytical test methods to reinforce the findings of the infrared test method (see Practice D3415).
1.1 This test method provides a means for the identification of waterborne oil samples by the comparison of their infrared spectra with those of potential source oils.
1.2 This test method is applicable to weathered or unweathered samples, as well as to samples subjected to simulated weathering.
1.3 This test method is written primarily for petroleum oils.
1.4 This test method is written for linear transmission, but could be readily adapted for linear absorbance outputs.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1129 Terminology Relating to Water
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D3325 Practice for Preservation of Waterborne Oil Samples
D3326 Practice for Preparation of Samples for Identification of Waterborne Oils
D3415 Practice for Identification of Waterborne Oils
E131 Terminology Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy
E168 Practices for General Techniques of Infrared Quantitative Analysis
E275 Practice for Describing and Measuring Performance of Ultraviolet and Visible Spectrophotometers
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)