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Significance and Use
These test methods are tools for quality assurance use. Given specific pressure-sensitive tape and a requirement in terms of the minimum or maximum peel value expected for this tape, the data from the test can be used in conjunction with acceptance criteria.
Test Method A, B, C, E, or F can show the relative bond strength of a given tape to one or more surfaces (material and texture) as compared to the standard stainless steel panel. Substitution of representative samples of materials in question for the standard steel panel would suffice to do this.
Test Methods A, B, C, E or F cannot be used to compare two pressure-sensitive tapes of the same type but of different manufacture for their ability to adhere to a surface. This is because the measured peel force is not normalized for a fixed area of stress. The area under stress varies with backing stiffness and adhesive rheology (firmness). Two different tapes seldom agree in these properties.
Test Method D can show the amount of force required to remove a liner that covers the adhesive side of a tape at a specified peel rate. The force will be different at other peel rates.
These test methods may not provide design information as there is usually no direct relationship between peel adhesion and any functional requirement.
1.1 These test methods cover the measurement of the peel adhesion of pressure-sensitive tapes.
1.1.1 Test Method A gives a measure of the adherence, when peeled at 180° angle, to a standard steel panel or to other surface of interest for a single-coated tape.
1.1.2 Test Method B gives a measure of the adherence to the backing of a single-coated tape.
1.1.3 Test Method C gives a measure of the adherence of double-coated tape to a standard steel panel or other surface of interest.
1.1.4 Test Method D gives a measure of the adherence of the release liner to the adhesive of either single- or double-coated tape.
1.1.5 Test Method E gives a measure of the adherence of an adhesive transfer tape to a standard steel panel or other surface of interest.
1.1.6 Test Method F gives a measure of the adherence, when peeled at 90° angle, to a standard steel panel or other surface of interest for a single-coated tape.
1.2 These test methods provide a means of assessing the uniformity of the adhesion of a given type of pressure-sensitive adhesive tape. The assessment may be within a roll of tape, between rolls, or between production lots.
1.3 Variations in either the tape backing or the adhesive, or both, affect the response. Therefore, these test methods cannot be used to pinpoint the specific cause(s) of non-uniformity.
1.4 These test methods may not be appropriate to test tapes having relatively stiff backings, stiff liners, or backings showing high stretch at low forces. These characteristics will result in a high variability for the test response which is not a true indication of the real nature of the adhesive bond.
1.5 Values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents, therefore, each system must be used independently without combining values in any way.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A666 Specification for Annealed or Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar
D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments
D3715/D3715M Practice for Quality Assurance of Pressure-Sensitive Tapes
D4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages, or Packaging Components for Testing
D5750/D5750M Guide for Width and Length of Pressure-Sensitive Tape
E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process
AFERA Standard4001 Self adhesive tapes - Measurement of peel adhesion
European NormEN1939 Self adhesive tapes - Measurement of peel adhesion from stainless steel or from its own backing
Pressure Sensitive Tape Council StandardsPSTC101 Peel Adhesion of Pressure Sensitive Tape
ICS Number Code 83.180 (Adhesives)