ASTM D333 - 01(2013)

    Standard Guide for Clear and Pigmented Lacquers

    Active Standard ASTM D333 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.55

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.02


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 These test methods are intended to compile as well as provide screening tests in evaluating clear and pigmented lacquers as used in different coating operations.

    3.2 Each coating system may contain from a simple one coat operation to a multicoat finishing system.

    3.3 The substrates may be varied, ferrous and non ferrous, plastic or wood which can affect the performance of a given coating system.

    3.4 Substrate cleaning, chemically or physically, is an essential and critical aspect to the performance of the coating system.

    3.5 Results from the various tests are not necessarily all useful in evaluating the performance of the different types of coating systems used on the many varied substrates.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover procedures for testing lacquers and lacquer coatings. The test methods included are listed in Table 1.

    Note 1In accordance with Terminology D16, a lacquer is defined as a coating composition that is based on synthetic thermoplastic filmforming material dissolved in organic solvent(s) and that dries primarily by solvent evaporation. Typical lacquers include those based on nitrocellulose, other cellulose derivatives, vinyl resins, acrylic resins, etc.
    Note 2Lacquers may be applied under such diverse conditions, to so many different surfaces, and their dried films may be subjected to so many kinds of wear and exposure that it is not possible to assure desired performance from a single selection of test methods and numerical results therefrom. Those skilled in lacquer technology may find partial assurance of obtaining desired qualities in various types of lacquers through careful selection of the methods covered herein and intelligent interpretation of results therefrom.
    Note 3It is intended ultimately to remove all experimental procedures from Test Methods D333 and to establish them as a guide to the selection of test methods for lacquer and perhaps to interpretation of results therefrom. Temporarily there remain in Test Methods D333 a few tests that are too short or otherwise presently unsuitable for establishment under separate ASTM designations.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D88 Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)

    D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D609 Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion Coatings, and Related Coating Products

    D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

    D658 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Air Blast Abrasive

    D659 Method for Evaluating Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paints

    D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D662 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Erosion of Exterior Paints

    D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

    D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints

    D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels

    D870 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Immersion

    D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

    D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers

    D1014 Practice for Conducting Exterior Exposure Tests of Paints and Coatings on Metal Substrates

    D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base

    D1200 Test Method for Viscosity by Ford Viscosity Cup

    D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D1210 Test Method for Fineness of Dispersion of Pigment-Vehicle Systems by Hegman-Type Gage

    D1211 Test Method for Temperature-Change Resistance of Clear Nitrocellulose Lacquer Films Applied to Wood

    D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

    D1400 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous Metal Base

    D1474 Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings

    D1475 Test Method For Density of Liquid Coatings, Inks, and Related Products

    D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

    D1544 Test Method for Color of Transparent Liquids (Gardner Color Scale)

    D1644 Test Methods for Nonvolatile Content of Varnishes

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D1733 Method for Preparation of Aluminum Alloy Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1735 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus

    D1737 Method of Test for Elongation of Attached Organic Coatings with Cylindrical Mandrel Apparatus

    D2090 Test Method for Clarity and Cleanness of Paint and Ink Liquids

    D2091 Test Method for Print Resistance of Lacquers

    D2199 Test Method for Measurement of Plasticizer Migration From Vinyl Fabrics to Lacquers

    D2204 Method of Test for Perspiration Resistance of Organic Coatings

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D2620 Test Method for Light Stability of Clear Coatings

    D2805 Test Method for Hiding Power of Paints by Reflectometry

    D3170 Test Method for Chipping Resistance of Coatings

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31211703(Lacquers)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D0333

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D333-01(2013), Standard Guide for Clear and Pigmented Lacquers, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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