Significance and Use
Primers and primer surfacers may be used over many different surfaces top coated with one or more of a variety of coatings and subjected to many kinds of wear and exposure.
The selection of the tests to be used for any given product or system must be governed by experience and by the requirement agreed upon between the producer and the user.
1.1 This practice covers the selection and use of procedures for testing primers and primer surfacers. The test methods included are listed in Table 1.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B117 Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
C540 Test Method for Image Gloss of Porcelain Enamel Surfaces
D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications
D522 Test Methods for Mandrel Bend Test of Attached Organic Coatings
D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss
D609 Practice for Preparation of Cold-Rolled Steel Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Conversion Coatings, and Related Coating Products
D610 Practice for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces
D658 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Air Blast Abrasive
D660 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Checking of Exterior Paints
D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints
D714 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints
D823 Practices for Producing Films of Uniform Thickness of Paint, Varnish, and Related Products on Test Panels
D870 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Immersion
D968 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive
D1005 Test Method for Measurement of Dry-Film Thickness of Organic Coatings Using Micrometers
D1186 Test Methods for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonmagnetic Coatings Applied to a Ferrous Base
D1308 Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes
D1400 Test Method for Nondestructive Measurement of Dry Film Thickness of Nonconductive Coatings Applied to a Nonferrous Metal Base
D1474 Test Methods for Indentation Hardness of Organic Coatings
D1640 Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D1730 Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting
D1731 Practices for Preparation of Hot-Dip Aluminum Surfaces for Painting
D1732 Practices for Preparation of Magnesium Alloy Surfaces for Painting
D1733 Method for Preparation of Aluminum Alloy Panels for Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D1735 Practice for Testing Water Resistance of Coatings Using Water Fog Apparatus
D1737 Method of Test for Elongation of Attached Organic Coatings with Cylindrical Mandrel Apparatus
D2091 Test Method for Print Resistance of Lacquers
D2092 Guide for Preparation of Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Surfaces for Painting
D2197 Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion
D2201 Practice for Preparation of Zinc-Coated and Zinc-Alloy-Coated Steel Panels for Testing Paint and Related Coating Products
D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
D2246 Test Method for Finishes on Primed Metallic Substrates for Humidity-Thermal Cycle Cracking
D2248 Practice for Detergent Resistance of Organic Finishes
D2454 Practice for Determining the Effect of Overbaking on Organic Coatings
D2803 Guide for Testing Filiform Corrosion Resistance of Organic Coatings on Metal
D3170 Test Method for Chipping Resistance of Coatings
D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test
D3456 Practice for Determining by Exterior Exposure Tests the Susceptibility of Paint Films to Microbiological Attack
Federal Test Methods
141B/6321 Sanding Characteristics
U. S. Military Specification
MIL-P-46105 Primer Coating, Weld-Through, Zinc-Rich
corrosion resistance; filiform corrosion; holdout; primers; primer surfacers; sanding properties; Corrosion-resistant coatings; Filiform corrosion resistance; Intercoat adhesion; Metallic coatings; Primers; Sanding properties; Testing methods--paints/related coatings; Topcoatings;
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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