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This specification covers melt processable unmodified poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) molding, extrusion and coating materials. This specification covers only virgin homopolymer prepared from vinylidene fluoride supplied in form of pellet or powder and shall be free of foreign matter. Two types covered by this specification are type I PVDF fluoroplastics and type II PVDF fluoroplastics. Detailed requirements that shall conform to this specification include peak melting endotherm, specific gravity, refractive index, limiting oxygen index, flow rate, rheological properties, tensile properties, flexural properties, impact resistance, D-C resistance, dielectric strength, dielectric constant, and dissipation factor. Preparation of compression molded specimen shall be in accordance to this specification.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers melt processable molding and extrusion materials, as well as coating materials of poly(vinylidene fluoride) fluoroplastic, commonly abbreviated PVDF (or PVF2 in scientific literature). This specification covers thermoplastic resin materials supplied in pellet or powder form.
1.2 This specification applies only to the virgin homopolymer prepared from vinylidene fluoride, not copolymers, reinforced, filled grades or special grades with additives or treatments for modification of attributes.
1.3 The tests involved are intended to provide information for specification of unmodified PVDF homopolymer resins. It is not the purpose of this specification to provide engineering data for design purposes.
1.4 PVDF fluoroplastics melt between 156 and 180°C (312 and 356°F) and are thermally stable up to about 370°C (698°F). (Warning—Evolution of corrosive and toxic hydrogen fluoride can occur under certain conditions.)
Note 1—PVDF exhibits polymorphism. The type and extent of crystalline structure varies with the thermomechanical history of the sample. Specimens prepared by techniques different than prescribed in this specification can have properties that vary from the values specified.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 10.
Note 2—There is no equivalent ISO standard for this specification. Information in this specification is technically equivalent to related information in ISO 12086-1 and ISO 12086-2.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
D150 Test Methods for AC Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulation
D256 Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics
D257 Test Methods for DC Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials
D542 Test Method for Index of Refraction of Transparent Organic Plastics
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D2863 Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-Like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)
D3418 Test Method for Transition Temperatures and Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization of Polymers by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
D3835 Test Method for Determination of Properties of Polymeric Materials by Means of a Capillary Rheometer
D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13111074(Polyvinylidene Fluoride)