ASTM D3208-00(2005)

    Withdrawn Standard: ASTM D3208-00(2005) Standard Specification for Manifold Papers for Permanent Records (Withdrawn 2010)

    Developed by Subcommittee: D06.92

    WITHDRAWN, NO REPLACEMENT

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    Withdrawn Rationale:

    This specification covers manifold papers used in preparing typewritten copies of permanent or semipermanent records and documents. The original, or ribbon, copy usually leaves the organization in which it originated, so the carbon copy becomes the copy of record.

    Formerly under the jurisdiction of Committee D06 on Paper and Paper Products, this specification was withdrawn in August 2010 due to a lack of interest in properties-based specifications for paper.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers manifold papers used in preparing typewritten copies of permanent or semipermanent records and documents. The original, or ribbon, copy usually leaves the organization in which it originated, so the carbon copy becomes the copy of record.

    1.2 It has been shown (, , , , ) that permanence is at least an approximate function of the pH of an aqueous extract of the paper with correlation coefficients ranging from approximately 0.7 to 0.9 (). Three pH levels, reflecting three levels of permanence, are specified. Extract pH as an indicator of life expectancy is not valid if a paper has been treated with an alkaline surface size or if an alkaline coating has been applied.

    1.3 The following would be expected to contribute significantly to the life expectancy of manifold papers: the use of papers with controlled acidity, or of papers manufactured under neutral or alkaline conditions, especially papers with a calcium carbonate filler that absorbs acidic gases from the atmosphere and can neutralize acidic materials formed in the aging of paper.

    1.4 This specification is based on fiber sources used in the production of paper that contains no more than 1 % lignin, for papers used in archives, libraries, and other permanent records. However, under proper conditions, (see ), paper containing more than 1 % lignin may be employed for many other end uses in paper for records that are required to have a substantial life expectancy.

    1.5 As indicated in Appendices and , this specification may be used as a guide.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ISO Standards

    ISO9706 Paper for Documents. Specifications for Permanence. Normative Annex--Special instructions for determining kappa number.

    ASTM Standards

    D585 Practice for Sampling and Accepting a Single Lot of Paper, Paperboard, Fiberboard, and Related Product

    D646 Test Method for Grammage of Paper and Paperboard (Mass Per Unit Area)

    D985 Test Method for Brightness of Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard (Directional Reflectance at 457 nm)

    D1030 Test Method for Fiber Analysis of Paper and Paperboard

    D1968 Terminology Relating to Paper and Paper Products

    D2176 Test Method for Folding Endurance of Paper by the M.I.T. Tester

    D3424 Practice for Evaluating the Relative Lightfastness and Weatherability of Printed Matter

    D4714 Test Method for Determination of Effect of Moist Heat (50 % Relative Humidity and 90C) on Properties of Paper and Board

    D4988 Test Method for Determination of Alkalinity of Paper as Calcium Carbonate (Alkaline Reserve of Paper)

    D5625 Test Method for Measuring Length, Width, and Squareness of Sheeted Paper and Paper Products

    D5634 Guide for Selection of Permanent and Durable Offset and Book Papers

    TAPPI Standards

    T544 Effect of Moist Heat on Properties of Paper and Board


    DOI: 10.1520/D3208-00R05

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