Active Standard ASTM D3191 | Developed by Subcommittee: D24.71
Book of Standards Volume: 09.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The major portion of carbon black consumed by the rubber industry is used to improve the physical properties, life expectancy, and utility of rubber products. These test methods provide an SBR recipe and directions for evaluating all types of carbon black intended for use in rubber products. Other procedures are available elsewhere in the ASTM standards for the evaluation of carbon black itself.
These test methods may be used to characterize carbon black in terms of specific properties of the standard compound. These test methods are useful for the quality assurance of carbon black production. They may also be used for the preparation of reference compounds, to confirm the day-to-day reliability of testing operations used in the rubber industry, for the evaluation of experimental compounds, and quality control of production compounds.
1.1 These test methods cover the standard materials, test formula, mixing procedure, and test methods for the evaluation and production control of carbon blacks in styrene butadiene rubber (SBR).
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension
D1646 Test Methods for Rubber--Viscosity, Stress Relaxation, and Pre-Vulcanization Characteristics (Mooney Viscometer)
D1799 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Packaged Shipments
D1900 Practice for Carbon Black--Sampling Bulk Shipments
D2084 Test Method for Rubber Property--Vulcanization Using Oscillating Disk Cure Meter
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
D3674 Test Method for Carbon Black--Relative Extrusion Mass
D4483 Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries
D5289 Test Method for Rubber Property--Vulcanization Using Rotorless Cure Meters
E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens
ICS Number Code 83.040.20 (Rubber compounding ingredients)