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    ASTM D3181 - 15e1

    Standard Guide for Conducting Wear Tests on Textiles

    Active Standard ASTM D3181 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.60

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This guide may be used to evaluate textiles used in apparel.

    5.2 This guide may be used for several purposes:

    5.2.1 To determine the comparative performance of new or existing products,

    5.2.2 To determine the suitability of current products in different end-uses, and

    5.2.3 To evaluate and compare the effect of wear of construction details as well as specific fabrics, fibers, dyeings, finishing, fabrication techniques, etc.

    5.3 This guide provides for flexibility in design and evaluation since the information sought from each wear test will vary (see Appendix X1).

    5.4 This guide may be used to compare the wear performance of two or more textiles when these are included in the same test, or to compare a textile whose properties have not been evaluated with one having a known performance history.

    5.5 The standard test methods and guides listed in 2.1 and 2.2 are not to be considered as limited to only those cited. It is recognized that textile innovations of chemistries on fibers and fabrics may require the use of other standards methods or modifications to existing standards. Further, product development efforts within companies may call for the use of internal procedures when investigation of worthiness of the innovation or prediction of consumer preference or satisfaction is questioned.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended to provide guidance for the design of an experiment for the purpose of developing a prediction of expected wear performance of apparel and textile products when exposed to actual use conditions.

    1.2 This guide recommends the use of a product for which a history of its performance is known from laboratory testing and consumer use as the basis for statistical significance of new product’s performance, however, other design or experimental approaches may be used.

    1.3 The wide variety of textile products and the conditions under which consumers will use products prevents the inclusion of all types of wear trial experiments for research and development, product innovation studies, and special needs such as those for healthcare industry or military.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1335 Test Method for Tuft Bind of Pile Yarn Floor Coverings

    D2051 Test Method for Durability of Finish of Zippers to Laundering

    D2052 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zippers to Drycleaning

    D2057 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zippers to Laundering

    D2058 Test Method for Durability of Finish of Zippers to Drycleaning

    D3511 Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textile Fabrics: Brush Pilling Tester

    D3512 Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textile Fabrics: Random Tumble Pilling Tester

    D3514 Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textile Fabrics: Elastomeric Pad

    D3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)

    D3885 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Flexing and Abrasion Method)

    D3886 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Inflated Diaphragm Apparatus)

    D3936 Test Method for Resistance to Delamination of the Secondary Backing of Pile Yarn Floor Covering

    D3938 Guide for Determining or Confirming Care Instructions for Apparel and Other Textile Products

    D3939 Test Method for Snagging Resistance of Fabrics (Mace)

    D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)

    D4231 Practice for Evaluation of Launderable Woven Dress Shirts and Sports Shirts

    D4390 Practice for Evaluation of the Performance of Terry Bathroom Products for Household Use

    D4721 Practice for Evaluation of the Performance of Machine Washable and Drycleanable Bedcoverings and Accessories

    D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods

    D4852 Practice for Evaluation of Attached Upholstery Fabrics


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 61.020 (Clothes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11151500(Fibers); 41114625(Wear testers)


    Referencing This Standard
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    DOI: 10.1520/D3181-15E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3181-15e1, Standard Guide for Conducting Wear Tests on Textiles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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