ASTM D3142 / D3142M - 11

    Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity, API Gravity, or Density of Cutback Asphalts by Hydrometer Method

    Active Standard ASTM D3142 / D3142M | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.47

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    Accurate determination of the density, specific gravity, or API gravity of cutback asphalts is necessary for the conversion of measured volumes to volumes at the standard temperature of 15°C or 60°F.

    Similarly, accurate determination is necessary for converting volumes to mass as required in other ASTM tests on cutback asphalts.

    Values corrected to 15°C and 60°F will be different because the two temperatures are not equal.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the laboratory determination, using a glass hydrometer, of the density, specific gravity, or API gravity of cutback asphalts as defined in Specifications D2026, D2027, and D2028 (Note 1). Values are measured on a hydrometer at convenient temperatures, readings of density, specific gravity, and API gravity being reduced to 15°C or 60°F by means of international standard tables. By means of these same tables, values determined in one of the three systems of measurement are convertible to equivalent values in either system so that measurements may be made in the units of local convenience.

    Note 1—This test method is applicable to cutback asphalts and in general follows, but provides more explicit routines than, the procedure outlined in Test Method D1298.

    1.2 UnitsThe values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 7.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D140 Practice for Sampling Bituminous Materials

    D1250 Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables

    D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

    D2026 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)

    D2027 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Medium-Curing Type)

    D2028 Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Rapid-Curing Type)

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E100 Specification for ASTM Hydrometers

    E220 Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121604(Cutback products)


    DOI: 10.1520/D3142_D3142M-11

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