ASTM D3134 - 97(2008)e1

    Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances

    Active Standard ASTM D3134 | Developed by Subcommittee: E12.11

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.01


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    Significance and Use

    Color specifications are centered around exact positions in color space. Correspondingly, gloss specifications are centered around an exact position on the gloss scale. Because it is difficult to achieve these exact positions repeatedly, it is necessary to specify tolerances that are acceptable to both the buyer and the seller. This practice details the procedure for accomplishing this goal.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes a procedure for establishing tolerances and evaluating the color and gloss of specimens with respect to specified standards. This practice is appropriate for nonfluorescent opaque specimens.

    1.2 This practice does not indicate the extent of tolerances, but gives guidance on how they can be set. For product specification, the tolerances between specimens and the specified standard should be agreed upon between the purchaser and the seller.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss

    D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D3964 Practice for Selection of Coating Specimens for Appearance Measurements

    D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance

    D5531 Guide for Preparation, Maintenance, and Distribution of Physical Product Standards for Color and Geometric Appearance of Coatings

    E284 Terminology of Appearance

    E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System

    E312 Practice for Description and Selection of Conditions for Photographing Specimens Using Analog (Film) Cameras and Digital Still Cameras (DSC)

    E805 Practice for Identification of Instrumental Methods of Color or Color-Difference Measurement of Materials

    E1164 Practice for Obtaining Spectrometric Data for Object-Color Evaluation

    E1331 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Hemispherical Geometry

    E1345 Practice for Reducing the Effect of Variability of Color Measurement by Use of Multiple Measurements

    E1349 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Bidirectional (45:0 or 0:45) Geometry

    E1360 Practice for Specifying Color by Using the Optical Society of America Uniform Color Scales System

    E1499 Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers

    E1541 Practice for Specifying and Matching Color Using the Colorcurve System

    E1708 Practice for Electronic Interchange of Color and Appearance Data

    CIE Publication

    No.CIES014-4/E2007 Colorimetry 2nd ed. Available from CIE (International Commission on Illumination)webshop, http://www.techstreet.com/cgi-bin/browsePublisher?publisher_id=60&subgroup_id=16861.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D3134-97R08E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D3134-97(2008)e1, Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008, www.astm.org

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