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Significance and Use
5.1 Color specifications are centered around exact positions in color space. Correspondingly, gloss specifications are centered around an exact position on the gloss scale. Because it is difficult to achieve these exact positions repeatedly, it is necessary to specify tolerances that are acceptable to both the buyer and the seller. This practice details the procedure for accomplishing this goal.
1.1 This practice describes a procedure for establishing tolerances and evaluating the color and gloss of specimens with respect to specified standards. This practice is appropriate for nonfluorescent opaque specimens.
1.2 This practice does not indicate the extent of tolerances, but gives guidance on how they can be set. For product specification, the tolerances between specimens and the specified standard should be agreed upon between the purchaser and the seller.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D523 Test Method for Specular Gloss
D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System
D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials
D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates
D3964 Practice for Selection of Coating Specimens for Appearance Measurements
D4449 Test Method for Visual Evaluation of Gloss Differences Between Surfaces of Similar Appearance
D5531 Guide for Preparation, Maintenance, and Distribution of Physical Product Standards for Color and Geometric Appearance of Coatings
E284 Terminology of Appearance
E308 Practice for Computing the Colors of Objects by Using the CIE System
E312 Practice for Description and Selection of Conditions for Photographing Specimens Using Analog (Film) Cameras and Digital Still Cameras (DSC)
E805 Practice for Identification of Instrumental Methods of Color or Color-Difference Measurement of Materials
E1164 Practice for Obtaining Spectrometric Data for Object-Color Evaluation
E1331 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Hemispherical Geometry
E1345 Practice for Reducing the Effect of Variability of Color Measurement by Use of Multiple Measurements
E1349 Test Method for Reflectance Factor and Color by Spectrophotometry Using Bidirectional (45:0 or 0:45) Geometry
E1360 Practice for Specifying Color by Using the Optical Society of America Uniform Color Scales System
E1499 Guide for Selection, Evaluation, and Training of Observers
E1541 Practice for Specifying and Matching Color Using the Colorcurve System
E1708 Practice for Electronic Interchange of Color and Appearance Data
CIE PublicationNo.CIES014-4/E2007 Colorimetry 2nd ed. Available from CIE (International Commission on Illumination)webshop, http://www.techstreet.com/cgi-bin/browsePublisher?publisher_id=60&subgroup_id=16861.
ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)
ASTM D3134-15, Standard Practice for Establishing Color and Gloss Tolerances, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.orgBack to Top