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Significance and Use
Data from creep and creep-rupture tests are necessary to predict the creep modulus and strength of materials under long-term loads and to predict dimensional changes that may occur as a result of such loads.
Data from these test methods can be used: (1) to compare materials, (2) in the design of fabricated parts, (3) to characterize plastics for long-term performance under constant load, and ( 4) under certain conditions, for specification purposes.
Before proceeding with this test method, reference shall be made to the specification of the material being tested. Any specimen preparation, conditioning, dimensions, and/or testing parameters covered in the material specification shall take precedence over those mentioned in this test method, except in cases where to do so would conflict with the purpose for conducting testing. If there are no material specifications, then the default conditions apply.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of tensile and compressive creep and creep-rupture of plastics under specified environmental conditions (see 3.1.3).
1.2 While these test methods outline the use of three-point loading for measurement of creep in flexure, four-point loading (which is used less frequently) can also be used with the equipment and principles as outlined in Test Methods D 790
1.3 For measurements of creep-rupture, tension is the preferred stress mode because for some ductile plastics rupture does not occur in flexure or compression.
1.4 Test data obtained by these test methods are relevant and appropriate for use in engineering design.
1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. A specific warning statement is given in 6.8.2.
Note 1—This standard and ISO 899 Parts 1 and 2 address the same subject matter, but differ in technical content (and results cannot be directly compared between the two test methods). ISO 899 Part 1 addresses tensile creep and creep to rupture and ISO 899 Part 2 addresses flexural creep. Compressive creep is not addressed in ISO 899.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D543 Practices for Evaluating the Resistance of Plastics to Chemical Reagents
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics
D790 Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D1822 Test Method for Tensile-Impact Energy to Break Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials
D4000 Classification System for Specifying Plastic Materials
D4065 Practice for Plastics: Dynamic Mechanical Properties: Determination and Report of Procedures
D4968 Guide for Annual Review of Test Methods and Specifications for Plastics
D5947 Test Methods for Physical Dimensions of Solid Plastics Specimens
ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plast in general)
UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)