Significance and Use
The reaction thresholds of a material are a measure of the tendency of the material or its decomposition products to undergo gas phase reactions of various types. Hot-flame and cool-flame thresholds relate directly to reactions which are involved in autoignition phenomena. Pre-flame, catalytic and thermal polymerization thresholds also relate to autoignition in that they represent reactions which can be under some conditions the precursors of ignition reactions.
1.1 This test method covers determination of the pre-flame, cool-flame, and hot-flame reaction threshold temperatures and the incipient reaction temperature of liquids and solids. Data may be obtained at pressures from low vacuum to 0.8 MPa (115 psia) for temperatures within the range from room temperature to 925 K (1200°F).
1.2 This test method may be applied to any substance that is a liquid or a solid at room temperature and atmospheric pressure and that, at room temperature, is compatible with glass and stainless steel. Air is the intended oxidizing medium; however, other media may be substituted provided appropriate precautions are taken for their safe use.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. In cases where materials, products, or equipment are available in inch-pound units only, SI units are omitted.
1.4 This standard is used to measure and describe the response of materials, products, or assemblies to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not by itself incorporate all factors required for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of the materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 6.8, Sections 7 and 9.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D2021 Specification for Neutral Detergent, 40 Percent Alkylbenzene Sulfonate Type
E659 Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Liquid Chemicals
cool-flame reaction; hot-flame reaction; incipient reaction; pre-flame reaction; reaction threshold temperature; Combustion--petroleum products; Cool flame reaction; Hot flame reaction; Incipient reaction; Liquids; Petroleum products; Pre-flame reaction; Reaction threshold temperature; Solid phase materials; Temperature tests--petroleum products;
ICS Number Code 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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