ASTM D2816 - 05(2009)

    Standard Test Method for Cashmere Coarse-Hair Content in Cashmere

    Active Standard ASTM D2816 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    ASTM D2816

    Significance and Use

    This test method may be used for determining compliance with a specification for maximum cashmere coarse-hair content and is required to be used for determining compliance with Specification D 2817.

    In case of a dispute arising from differences in reported test results when using Test Method D 2816 for acceptance testing of commercial shipments, the purchaser and the supplier should conduct comparative tests to determine if there is a statistical bias between their laboratories. Competent statistical assistance is recommended for the investigation of bias. As a minimum, the two parties should take a group of test specimens that are as homogeneous as possible and that are from a lot of material of the type in question. The test specimens should then be randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. The average results from the two laboratories should be compared using Student's t-test for unpaired data and an acceptable probability level chosen by the two parties before the testing is begun. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected or the purchaser and the supplier must agree to interpret future test results in the light of the known bias.

    When the product being tested has a cashmere coarse-hair content that departs significantly either way from the specified amount, the sequential test procedure described herein will result in a substantial reduction in the number of observations required for a decision at the stated level of confidence. On the other hand, when the product being tested has a cashmere coarse-hair content that approaches the specified amount, the sequential procedure ensures that the necessary increased number of observations shall be made to secure a correct decision at the stated level of confidence.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers a sequential procedure for determining whether or not the cashmere coarse-hair content of a sample exceeds a specified value.

    Note 1—For the maximum allowable cashmere coarse-hair content in cashmere, refer to Specification D 2817.

    Note 2—For the quantitative analysis of cashmere hair and blends of cashmere hair and other fibers, refer to Test Methods D 629.

    1.2 This test method is applicable only to cashmere hair in the form of roving, yarn, or fabric, and to the cashmere hair content of blends with other fibers, where the expected cashmere coarse-hair content is not more than five mass percent (see Footnote C of Table 1). For greater expected mass percentages of cashmere coarse-hair, see Test Methods D 629.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Sequential Accept-Reject Numbers for Selected SpecificationsA

    Number of Fi-
    bers Counted
    Specification, Length %B
    0.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.91.0
    ARARARARARARARARAR
    1 000...C17...18...19...20...21...22...23... 24... 25
    2 000...19...21...23...25...27...29 131 3 33 5 35
    3 000...21...24...27 030 333 636 93912 4215 45
    4 000...23...27 131 535 9391343174721 5125 55
    5 000...25 030 535104015452050255530 6035 65
    6 000...27 333 939154521512757336339 6945 75
    7 000...29 6361343205027573464417148 7755 85
    8 000131 9391747255533634171497957 8665 95
    9 00033312422151306039694878578766 9575105
    10 0005351545255535654575558565957510485115

    A These accept-reject numbers are based on the following conditions:

    (1) The probability of accepting a lot that exceeds the specifications by 10 % or more of the specification percent is 0.05.

    (2) The probability of rejecting a lot that is 10 % or more of the specification percent below the specification is also 0.05.

    B Extensive interlaboratory tests have shown that, for the concentration of cashmere coarse-hair covered in Table 1, the relationship between Specification, Length Percent and mass percent of cashmere coarse-hair is approximately linear, as shown in (Eq 1):



    where:
    M= mass percent of cashmere coarse-hair, and
    S= specified maximum coarse-hair content in length percent (0.2 S 1.0).

    The data from these studies are on file with the Secretary of Subcommittee D13.13, Committee D13 of ASTM.

    C Blanks correspond to a theoretical number less than zero. No decision to accept can be made until a number of fibers corresponding to the first nonblank entry has been classified.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D629 Test Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Textiles

    D2130 Test Method for Diameter of Wool and Other Animal Fibers by Microprojection

    D2817 Specification for Maximum Cashmere Coarse-Hair Content in Cashmere

    D4845 Terminology Relating to Wool


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 59.060.10 (Natural fibres)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11151507(Cotton fibers)


    DOI: 10.1520/D2816-05R09

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