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This specification covers requirements and test methods for materials, dimensions, workmanship, chemical resistance, and joint tightness of poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) sewer and drain pipe and fittings. The pipe shall be made from virgin cell 12164 with a certain minimum tensile strength, 12454 or 12454 poly(vinyl chloride) compounds. The fittings shall be made from virgin poly(vinyl chloride) compounds of cell classification PVC 12454, PVC 12454, or PVC 13343. Compounds that have different cell classification because one or more properties are superior to those of the specified compounds are also acceptable. In order to determine the overall performance of the pipes and fittings, the following tests shall be done: flattening test, joint tightness test, and perforation test. The pipe and fittings shall be homogeneous throughout and free from visible cracks, holes, foreign inclusions, or other injurious defects. The pipe shall be as uniform as commercially practical in color, opacity, density, and other physical properties.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
The pipe and fittings in this specification are designed and have the physical, chemical, and other properties for sewer and drainage applications outside the building. The pipe is not intended for use as public or municipal collector sewers. The following lists the typical applications for the sewer and drain pipe:
Building sewers and underground drains
House connections to septic tanks
Leaching system piping for septic tank effluents
Footing drains (foundation drains)
Industrial waste disposal
1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for materials, dimensions, workmanship, chemical resistance, and joint tightness of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) sewer and drain pipe and fittings. Perforated pipe is also covered; the joint tightness test is not applicable for perforated pipe. A form of marking to indicate compliance with this specification is also included.
1.2 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, and appendixes which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 6, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1784 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2152 Test Method for Adequacy of Fusion of Extruded Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Molded Fittings by Acetone Immersion
D2321 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
D2412 Test Method for Determination of External Loading Characteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel-Plate Loading
D2444 Test Method for Determination of the Impact Resistance of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings by Means of a Tup (Falling Weight)
D2564 Specification for Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systems
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
Federal StandardFed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies) Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes); 23.040.45 (Plastic fittings)
UNSPSC Code 40171518(Commercial CPVC pipe)