ASTM D268 - 01(2012)

    Standard Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material

    Active Standard ASTM D268 | Developed by Subcommittee: D01.35

    Book of Standards Volume: 06.04


    Buy Standard (PDF)
    6 pages
    $42.00
    Buy Standard (Print)
    6 pages
    $42.00

    Historical (view previous versions of standard)


    ASTM D268

    Significance and Use

    3.1 A brief discussion of each test method is given with the intent of helping the user in the selection of the most applicable procedure where more than one is available.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers procedures for the sampling and testing of volatile solvents used in the manufacture of paint, lacquer, varnish, and related products. The test methods are listed in Table 1.

    TABLE 1 List of Test Methods

    Test Method

    Section

    ASTM Method

    Acidity in:

     

     

     Aromatic hydrocarbons

    11

    D847

     Volatile solvents

    11

    D1613

    Acid wash color of aromatics

    23

    D848

    Alcohols in ketones

    18

    D2804, D3329

    Alkalinity in acetone

    12

    D1614

    Aromatics in mineral spirits

    25

    D3257

    Color, platinum cobalt scale

     6

    D1209

    Copper corrosion test:

     

     

     Aromatic hydrocarbons

    14

    D849

     Mineral spirits

    14

    D130

    Distillation range:

     

     

     Aromatic hydrocarbons

     7

    D850

     Mineral spirits, turpentine

     7

    D86

     Volatile organic liquids

     7

    D1078

    Ester value

    13

    D1617

    Esters, purity

    13

    D3545

    Flash point:

     

     

     Pensky-Martens closed cup

    17

    D93

     Tag closed cup

    17

    D56

     Tag open cup

    17

    D1310

     Setaflash tester

    17

    D3278

    Method surveys:

     

     

     Ethylene and propylene glycols

    22

    E202

     Methanol

    21

    E346

    Nonaromatics in aromatics

    24

    D2360

    Nonvolatile matter

     8

    D1353

    Odor

    9

    D1296

    Paraffins in aromatics

    24

    D2360

    Permanganate time for acetone and methanol

    16

    D1363

    Purity of ketones

    18

    D2192, D2804,
    D3329, D3893

    Sampling

     4

    E300

    Solvent power evaluation:

     

     

     Aniline point and mixed aniline point of
     petroleum products and hydrocarbon
     solvents

    19

    D611

     Kauri-butanol value of hydrocarbon
      solvents

    19

    D1133

     Dilution ratio in cellulose nitrate solution
     for active solvents, hydrocarbon diluents, and cellulose nitrates

    19

    D1720

    Specific gravity

     5

    D891, D2935,
    D3505, D1555

    Sulfur as hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide

    15

    D853

    Water:

     

     

     Fischer reagent titration method

    10

    D1364, E203

     Turbidity method

    10

    D1476

    Water miscibility of water-soluble solvents

    20

    D1722


    1.2 For specific hazard information and guidance, see Suppliers' Material Safety Data Sheet for materials listed in this guide.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D13 Specification for Spirits of Turpentine

    D56 Test Method for Flash Point by Tag Closed Cup Tester

    D86 Test Method for Distillation of Petroleum Products at Atmospheric Pressure

    D93 Test Methods for Flash Point by Pensky-Martens Closed Cup Tester

    D130 Test Method for Corrosiveness to Copper from Petroleum Products by Copper Strip Test

    D156 Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)

    D233 Test Methods of Sampling and Testing Turpentine

    D235 Specification for Mineral Spirits (Petroleum Spirits) (Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvent)

    D329 Specification for Acetone

    D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents

    D847 Test Method for Acidity of Benzene, Toluene, Xylenes, Solvent Naphthas, and Similar Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    D848 Test Method for Acid Wash Color of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    D849 Test Method for Copper Strip Corrosion by Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    D850 Test Method for Distillation of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Related Materials

    D853 Test Method for Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfur Dioxide Content (Qualitative) of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    D891 Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals

    D1078 Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids

    D1133 Test Method for Kauri-Butanol Value of Hydrocarbon Solvents

    D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)

    D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents

    D1310 Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus

    D1353 Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1363 Test Method for Permanganate Time of Acetone and Methanol

    D1364 Test Method for Water in Volatile Solvents (Karl Fischer Reagent Titration Method)

    D1476 Test Method for Heptane Miscibility of Lacquer Solvents

    D1555 Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Cyclohexane

    D1613 Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

    D1614 Test Method for Alkalinity in Acetone

    D1617 Test Method for Ester Value of Solvents and Thinners

    D1720 Test Method for Dilution Ratio of Active Solvents in Cellulose Nitrate Solutions

    D1722 Test Method for Water Miscibility of Water-Soluble Solvents

    D2192 Test Method for Purity of Aldehydes and Ketones

    D2360 Test Method for Trace Impurities in Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Gas Chromatography

    D2804 Test Method for Purity of Methyl Ethyl Ketone By Gas Chromatography

    D2935 Test Method for Apparent Density of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    D3257 Test Methods for Aromatics in Mineral Spirits by Gas Chromatography

    D3278 Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Small Scale Closed-Cup Apparatus

    D3329 Test Method for Purity of Methyl Isobutyl Ketone by Gas Chromatography

    D3505 Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Pure Liquid Chemicals

    D3545 Test Method for Alcohol Content and Purity of Acetate Esters by Gas Chromatography

    D3893 Test Method for Purity of Methyl Amyl Ketone and Methyl Isoamyl Ketone by Gas Chromatography

    E12 Terminology Relating to Density and Specific Gravity of Solids, Liquids, and Gases

    E201 Test Method for Calculation of Volume and Weight of Industrial Chemical Liquids (Discontinued 2001)

    E202 Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols

    E203 Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals

    E346 Test Methods for Analysis of Methanol


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.060.30 (Solvents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12190000(Solvents)


    DOI: 10.1520/D0268-01R12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM D268

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top