ASTM D2597 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D2597 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.H0

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    The component distribution of hydrocarbon liquid mixtures is often required as a specification analysis for these materials. Wide use of these hydrocarbon mixtures as chemical feedstocks or as fuel require precise compositional data to ensure uniform quality of the reaction product. In addition, custody transfer of these products is often made on the basis of component analyses of liquid mixtures.

    The component distribution data of hydrocarbon mixtures can be used to calculate physical properties, such as specific gravity, vapor pressure, molecular weight, and other important properties. Precision and accuracy of compositional data are extremely important when these data are used to calculate physical properties of these products.

    Note 3—Specifications for some hydrocarbon liquid mixtures, such as LPG, may be based on composition measured by Test Method . Nitrogen and carbon dioxide determinations are not within the scope of Test Method .

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the analysis of demethanized liquid hydrocarbon streams containing nitrogen/air and carbon dioxide, and purity products, such as an ethane/propane mix that fall within the compositional ranges listed in Table 1. This test method is limited to mixtures containing less than 5 mol % of heptanes and heavier fractions.

    1.2 The heptanes and heavier fractions, when present in the sample, are analyzed by either (1) reverse flow of carrier gas after n-hexane and peak grouping or (2) precut column to elute heptanes and heavier first as a single peak. For purity mixes without heptanes and heavier, no reverse of carrier flow is required. (CautionIn the case of samples with a relatively large C6+ or C7+ fraction and where precise results are important, it is desirable to determine the molecular weight (or other pertinent physical properties) of these fractions. Since this test method makes no provision for determining physical properties, the physical properties needed can be determined by an extended analysis or agreed to by the contracting parties.)

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    Note 1—Annex A2 states values in manometric units, which are to be regarded as the standard in that section. Approximate SI units (from conversion) are given in parentheses.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1265 Practice for Sampling Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases, Manual Method

    D2163 Test Method for Analysis of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates by Gas Chromatography

    D3700 Practice for Obtaining LPG Samples Using a Floating Piston Cylinder

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    D6849 Practice for Storage and Use of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) in Sample Cylinders for LPG Test Methods

    GPA Standard

    GPA2177 Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D2597-10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2597-10, Standard Test Method for Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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