ASTM D2593 - 93(2014)

    Standard Test Method for Butadiene Purity and Hydrocarbon Impurities by Gas Chromatography

    Active Standard ASTM D2593 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.D0.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The trace hydrocarbon compounds listed can have an effect in the commercial use of butadiene. This test method is suitable for use in process quality control and in setting specifications.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of butadiene-1,3 purity and impurities such as propane, propylene, isobutane, n-butane, butene-1, isobutylene, propadiene, trans-butene-2, cis -butene-2, butadiene-1,2, pentadiene-1,4, and, methyl, dimethyl, ethyl, and vinyl acetylene in polymerization grade butadiene by gas chromatography. Impurities including butadiene dimer, carbonyls, inhibitor, and residue are measured by appropriate ASTM procedures and the results used to normalize the component distribution obtained by chromatography.

    Note 1: Other impurities present in commercial butadiene must be calibrated and analyzed. Other impurities were not tested in the cooperative work on this test method.

    Note 2: This test method can be used to check for pentadiene-1,4 and other C5s instead of Test Method D1088.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific warning statements, see 6.1 and 9.3.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1088 Method of Test for Boiling Point Range of Polymerization-Grade Butadiene

    Energy Institute Standards

    IP194 Analysis of Butadiene-1,3 Polymerization Grade


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.10 (Aliphatic hydrocarbons)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D2593-93R14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2593-93(2014), Standard Test Method for Butadiene Purity and Hydrocarbon Impurities by Gas Chromatography, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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