Active Standard ASTM D2559 | Developed by Subcommittee: D14.30
Book of Standards Volume: 15.06
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers adhesives suitable for the bonding of wood, including treated wood, into structural laminated wood products for general construction, for marine use, or for other uses where a high-strength, waterproof adhesive bond is required. The requirements of the adhesive are based on the performance of the adhesive in laminated wood as measured by the following test methods: resistance to shear by compression loading; resistance to delamination during accelerated exposure to wetting and drying; and resistance to deformation under static load. The wood shall be prepared by ambient curing and hot press curing.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers adhesives suitable for the bonding of wood, including treated wood, into structural wood products for general construction or other uses where a high-strength, durable adhesive bond is required.
1.2 This specification includes test methods that may be referenced by specific product standards for the evaluation and approval of structural wood adhesives. Methods are included to evaluate adhesives intended for use in exterior exposure.
Note 1—Consult the Commentary in Appendix X1 regarding the intent and limitations of each test method contained in this specification.
1.3 Description of Bondline Performance—It is recognized that structural wood adhesives are used in various applications and levels of severity in terms of moisture content, loading, cyclic and seasonal weather conditions, heat exposure and other use conditions. It is the intent of this standard to determine the suitability of an adhesive for use under various levels of severity and conditions with specific and appropriate test methods and requirements.
Note 2—This specification does not contain specific tests outlined for different chemical types of adhesives.
1.4 Strength and durability requirements of the adhesive in Service Class A are based on the performance of the adhesive in laminated wood as measured by:
1.4.1 Resistance to shear by compression loading after conditioning to the target moisture content indicated in 14.2.3 and meeting requirements in 14.4.
1.4.2 Resistance to delamination during exposure to three cycles of vacuum pressure wetting followed by drying at elevated temperature as indicated in 15.3 and meeting requirements in 15.4.
1.4.3 Resistance to creep under static load by subjecting test specimens to a specified shear stress and exposing one set of test specimens to an environment of elevated temperature and ambient humidity and another set to an environment of high humidity and meeting requirements set forth in 16.3.
1.4.4 For applications involving chemical treatment, the adhesive shall be evaluated using representative samples of treated wood.
Note 3—When using chemically treated wood, compatibility between the treatment, adhesive, and wood is to be considered and agreed upon between the chemical manufacture and the user.
Note 4—Additional durability testing may also be required as specified by individual product standards. Consult the Commentary in Appendix X1 for additional information and guidance as to the type of durability testing that may be appropriate to supplement this specification when characterizing the adhesive for suitability with specific wood products.
1.5 The evaluation of adhesives for use in ground contact and marine exposures are beyond the scope of this specification.
1.6 The evaluation of binder adhesives is beyond the scope of this specification.
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.8 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes and a commentary which provide explanatory material. These notes, footnotes and commentary (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D9 Terminology Relating to Wood and Wood-Based Products
D143 Test Methods for Small Clear Specimens of Timber
D905 Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
D907 Terminology of Adhesives
D1165 Nomenclature of Commercial Hardwoods and Softwoods
D1583 Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
D2555 Practice for Establishing Clear Wood Strength Values
D3535 Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
D4300 Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
D5055 Specification for Establishing and Monitoring Structural Capacities of Prefabricated Wood I-Joists
D5266 Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
D5456 Specification for Evaluation of Structural Composite Lumber Products
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
E41 Terminology Relating To Conditioning
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
ICS Number Code 79.060.10 (Plywood)