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Significance and Use
Tensile properties determined by this test method are of value for identifying and characterizing materials for control and specification purposes as well as for providing data for research and development studies.
This test method is intended for use in testing resin-compatible sized glass fiber materials that have been designed specifically for use with certain generic types of plastics. The use of a resin impregnant that is compatible with the reinforcement material under test produces results that are most representative of the actual strength that is available in the material when used as intended in an end item. Premature reinforcement failure may occur if the elongation of the resin system is less than that of the reinforcement being tested. This requirement may restrict the use of certain resin systems in this procedure. Misleading results may be obtained when glass fiber materials are tested without complete resin impregnation of the fiber or when a non-compatible resin is used for impregnation.
This test method is useful for testing pretreated specimens for which comparative results are desired. Values obtained by this test method may be affected by gage length, gripping system, testing speed, and the resin impregnation ratio of the specimen.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the comparative tensile properties of glass fiber strands, yarns, and rovings in the form of impregnated rod test specimens when tested under defined conditions of pretreatment, temperature, humidity, and tension testing machine speed. This test method is applicable to continuous filament, glass fiber materials that have been coated with a resin compatible sizing. This method is intended for use in quality control and R & D, and should not be used to develop composites design data.
Note 1—This method is technically equivalent to the short method described in ISO 9163.
Note 2—Prime consideration should be given to the use of a polymeric binder that produces specimens that yield the highest consistent values for the glass fiber material under test. Tensile properties may vary with specimen preparation, resin impregnation system, and speed and environment of testing. Consequently, where precise comparative results are desired, these factors must be carefully controlled.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
Note 3—Prime consideration should be given to the use of a polymeric binder that produces specimens that yield the highest consistent values for the glass fiber material under test. Tensile properties may vary with specimen preparation, resin impregnation system, and speed and environment of testing. Consequently, where precise comparative results are desired, these factors must be carefully controlled.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D3039/D3039M Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
D5083 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Reinforced Thermosetting Plastics Using Straight-Sided Specimens
E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines
E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing
ISO StandardISO9163 Textile Glass--Rovings--Manufacture of Test Specimens and Determination of Tensile Strength of Impregnated Rovings
UNSPSC Code 11151512(Glass fibers)