Active Standard ASTM D228 / D228M | Developed by Subcommittee: D08.02
Book of Standards Volume: 04.04
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
4.1 These test methods include procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles used in roofing and waterproofing. Other components of these materials are allowed to include, but are not limited to, felts, mats, films, foils, mineral stabilizers, papers, and mineral surfacing.
4.2 These test methods include tests that are not required by every product standard that references Test Methods D228. The individual product standards are the authority for which tests are required for compliance. It is not prohibited to run tests in addition to those required in the product standards, but these test methods make no claim to their suitability or significance.
4.3 Five random samples are required from lots equal to or less than 1000 packages. The number of samples required for lots greater than 1000 packages is dependent on the variation in the unit mass within the lot and is determined by the two-step sampling plan in 7.4.
4.4 The results of a visual examination, physical testing, and compositional analysis are required for each sample. The analytical data are further used to compute the probable minimum and the probable range for the average mass of each of the components.
1.1 These test methods cover procedures for sampling, examination, physical testing, and analyses of asphalt-containing materials used in roofing and waterproofing. These materials include but are not limited to roll roofing, cap sheets, and shingles. Any of these materials are allowed to be partially or fully coated, surfaced, or laminated, or a combination thereof.
Types of Roofing
Mass and Area Determination
Selection of Representative Specimens
Mass Loss and Behavior on Heating
Fastener Pull-Through Resistance
Preparation and Selection of Small Test Specimens
Analysis of Glass Felt Products
Analysis of Roofing Products with Organic Felts
Ash of Desaturated Felt
Adjusting Back Coating Fine Mineral Matter and
Precision and Bias
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D95 Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation
D146 Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Bitumen-Saturated Felts and Woven Fabrics for Roofing and Waterproofing
D225 Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules
D1079 Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
D1922 Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method
D2178 Specification for Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
D2626 Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing
D3462 Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules
D3909 Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Glass Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules
D4601 Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass Fiber Base Sheet Used in Roofing
D4897 Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass-Fiber Venting Base Sheet Used in Roofing
D4932 Test Method for Fastener Rupture and Tear Resistance of Roofing and Waterproofing Sheets, Roll Roofing, and Shingles
D6380 Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)
F1667 Specification for Driven Fasteners: Nails, Spikes, and Staples
ICS Number Code 91.100.60 (Thermal and sound insulating materials)