ASTM D2276 - 06(2014)

    Standard Test Method for Particulate Contaminant in Aviation Fuel by Line Sampling

    Active Standard ASTM D2276 | Developed by Subcommittee: D02.J0.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 05.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method provides a gravimetric measurement of the particulate matter present in a sample of aviation turbine fuel by line sampling. The objective is to minimize these contaminants to avoid filter plugging and other operational problems. Although tolerable levels of particulate contaminants have not yet been established for all points in fuel distribution systems, the total contaminant measurement is normally of most interest. The Appendix X1 color rating method is useful for fuel system monitoring purposes. No quantitative relationship exists between gravimetric and color rating test results.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of particulate contaminant in aviation turbine fuel using a field monitor.

    1.2 There are two test methods described. The basic test method is used to evaluate the level of contamination gravimetrically. The second test method, presented in Appendix X1, describes a color rating technique that is used for rapid qualitative assessment of changes in contamination level without the time delay required for the gravimetric determinations by stringent laboratory procedures.

    1.3 There are two Annexes and two Appendixes in this test method.

    1.3.1 Annex A1 provides some precautionary information regarding the use of the required reagents.

    1.3.2 Annex A2 describes a standard practice for obtaining a sample of the particulates present in a flowing stream of aviation turbine fuel.

    1.3.3 Appendix X1 describes a test method for rating the particulate level in an aviation turbine fuel on the basis of the color of a filter membrane after sampling the fuel in the field.

    1.3.4 Appendix X2 provides some safety precautions to avoid static discharge resulting from the accumulation of electrical charges in the fuel and on the equipment while following the procedures.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1535 Practice for Specifying Color by the Munsell System

    D1655 Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D4865 Guide for Generation and Dissipation of Static Electricity in Petroleum Fuel Systems

    D5452 Test Method for Particulate Contamination in Aviation Fuels by Laboratory Filtration

    D6615 Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15101504(Aviation fuel)


    DOI: 10.1520/D2276-06R14

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