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Significance and Use
This test method provides a basis for the estimation of the storage stability of middle distillate fuels such as No. 2 fuel oil.
The test method may not provide a prediction of the quantity of insolubles that will form in field storage over any given period of time. The amount of insolubles formed in such field storage is subject to the specific conditions which are too variable for this test method to predict accurately.
Test Method D2274 yields results more rapidly than Test Method D4625, the 43°C bottle test. However, as a result of the significantly elevated temperature and the pure oxygen atmosphere, the nature and amount of insolubles may deviate to a greater extent than Test Method D4625 from those formed in field storage.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the inherent stability of middle distillate petroleum fuels under specified oxidizing conditions at 95°C.
Note 1—Fuels used in establishing the precision measures for this test method were described as gas oil, diesel fuel, No. 2 heating oil, and DFM, a Navy distillate fuel suitable for diesels, boilers, and gas turbines. (The term DFM is no longer used when referring to fuel meeting MIL-F-16884 requirements; rather it is called F76 as it conforms to NATO F76 requirements.) While the test method may be used for fuels outside the range of these fuels, the precision measures may not apply.
1.2 This test method is not applicable to fuels containing residual oil. This test method has not been validated for testing biodiesel, such as meeting Specification D6751 or blends of middle distillates and biodiesel, such as meeting Specification D7467, or both. Test Method D7462 has been determined to be suitable for testing B100 and all blends of middle distillates and biodiesel.
Note 2—No. 1 and No. 2 grades in Specifications D396 or D975 currently allow up to 5 % biodiesel meeting Specification D6751. Samples containing biodiesel can result in partial dissolution or compromise of the membrane filter and give erroneous results.
1.3 The values given in acceptable SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D381 Test Method for Gum Content in Fuels by Jet Evaporation
D396 Specification for Fuel Oils
D943 Test Method for Oxidation Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oils
D975 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D4057 Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4177 Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products
D4625 Test Method for Middle Distillate Fuel Storage Stability at 43C (110F)
D6751 Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels
D7462 Test Method for Oxidation Stability of Biodiesel (B100) and Blends of Biodiesel with Middle Distillate Petroleum Fuel (Accelerated Method)
D7467 Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)
Military SpecificationMIL-F-16884 Fuel, Navy Distillate
ICS Number Code 75.160.20 (Liquid fuels)
UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)