ASTM D2229 - 10(2014)

    Standard Test Method for Adhesion Between Steel Tire Cords and Rubber

    Active Standard ASTM D2229 | Developed by Subcommittee: D13.19

    Book of Standards Volume: 07.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is considered satisfactory for the acceptance testing of commercial shipments of steel tire cord because current estimates of between-laboratory precision for single materials are considered acceptable and the method has been used extensively in the trade for acceptance testing.

    5.1.1 If there are differences or practical significances between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative tests should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, the test samples should be used that are as homogenous as possible, that are drawn from the material from which the disparate test results were obtained, and that are randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. Other materials with established test values may be used for this purpose. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.

    5.2 The mold described in this test method is primarily designed for quality acceptance testing for steel cord where the sample size for each cord is 4 or a multiple thereof, but any mold/cavity combination which will provide the required test block dimensions (Figs. 1 and 2) is acceptable.

     Definition of Test Block Dimensions
    FIG. 1 Definition of Test Block Dimensions
    Four-Cavity Steel Cord Adhesion Mold
    TOLERANCES
      All dimensions ±0.2
      Angular ±2°
      Except where noted
    Note 1All dimensions in millimetres except where noted.
    Note 2Material—Mild steel.
    Note 3Mold should be coated permanently with a polytetrafluoro-ethylene, such as Teflon®, or preferably, with a stainless steel reinforced polytetrafluoro-ethylene with a polyamid binder, such as Excalibur®.4
    Note 4Dimensions with “*” may be altered to accommodate test grips.
    FIG. 2 Four-Cavity Steel Cord Adhesion Mold

    5.3 Appendix X1 contains suggested ranges of environmental conditions for aging tests.

    5.4 The property measured by this test method indicates whether the adhesion of the steel cord to the rubber is greater than the cohesion of the rubber, that is, complete rubber coverage of the steel cord, or less than the cohesion of the rubber, that is, lack of rubber coverage.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the force required to pull a steel cord from a block of vulcanized rubber.

    1.2 Although designed primarily for steel cord, this test method may be applied with modifications to wire used in rubber products.

    1.3 This test method can also be used for evaluating rubber compound performance with respect to adhesion to steel cord.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D76 Specification for Tensile Testing Machines for Textiles

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D1566 Terminology Relating to Rubber

    D2904 Practice for Interlaboratory Testing of a Textile Test Method that Produces Normally Distributed Data

    D6477 Terminology Relating to Tire Cord, Bead Wire, Hose Reinforcing Wire, and Fabrics

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 25172507(Tire cord)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D2229-10R14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2229-10(2014), Standard Test Method for Adhesion Between Steel Tire Cords and Rubber, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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