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Significance and Use
The composition of the oil in rubber compounds has a large effect on the characteristics and use of the compounds. This classification divides the oils into broad categories for descriptive purposes.
1.1 This classification is intended to establish classification and test methods for certain types of oil used in extending and processing styrene-butadiene rubbers (SBR) and butadiene rubbers (BR). Its purpose is for classification only and not for specification.
1.2 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D88 Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity
D92 Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup Tester
D97 Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Products
D445 Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity)
D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents
D972 Test Method for Evaporation Loss of Lubricating Greases and Oils
D974 Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color-Indicator Titration
D1298 Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method
D1500 Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)
D2007 Test Method for Characteristic Groups in Rubber Extender and Processing Oils and Other Petroleum-Derived Oils by the Clay-Gel Absorption Chromatographic Method
D2008 Test Method for Ultraviolet Absorbance and Absorptivity of Petroleum Products
D2501 Test Method for Calculation of Viscosity-Gravity Constant (VGC) of Petroleum Oils
D2887 Test Method for Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by Gas Chromatography
International Institute of Synthetic Rubber ProducersThe Synthetic Rubber Manual, 12th Ed., 1992 Available from International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers, Inc., 2077 S. Gessner Rd., Suite 133, Houston, TX 77063.
ICS Number Code 75.080 (Petroleum products in general)
UNSPSC Code 15101500(Petroleum and distillates)
ASTM D2226-93(2012), Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.orgBack to Top