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Significance and Use
4.1 The usefulness of a zipper in service can be evaluated by these tests. No one test determines the suitability of a zipper for a specific end use. Since the tests are inter-related more than one may be needed for a complete evaluation.
4.2 These methods are considered satisfactory for acceptance testing of commercial shipments because the methods have been used extensively in the trade for this purpose, and because estimates of current between-laboratory precision are acceptable in most cases.
4.2.1 If there are differences of practical significance between reported test results for two laboratories (or more), comparative test should be performed to determine if there is a statistical bias between them, using competent statistical assistance. As a minimum, the test samples should be used that are as homogeneous as possible, that are drawn from the material from which the disparate test results were obtained, and that are randomly assigned in equal numbers to each laboratory for testing. Other materials with established test values may be used for this purpose. The test results from the two laboratories should be compared using a statistical test for unpaired data, at a probability level chosen prior to the testing series. If a bias is found, either its cause must be found and corrected, or future test results must be adjusted in consideration of the known bias.
4.3 The method(s) in the standard along with those in Test Methods D2051, D2052, D2053, D2054, D2057, D2058, D2059, D2060, and D2062 are a collection of proven test methods. They can be used as aids in the evaluation of zippers without the need for a thorough knowledge of zippers. The enumerated test methods do not provide for the evaluation of all zipper properties. Besides those properties measured by means of the enumerated test methods there are other properties that may be important for the satisfactory performance of a zipper. Test methods for measuring those properties have not been published either because no practical methods have yet been developed or because a valid evaluation of the information resulting from existing unpublished methods requires an intimate and thorough knowledge of zippers.
1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the strengths for zipper and zipper parts. All methods are not suitable for use with all kinds of zipper. The restrictions, if any, are indicated in the scope for each individual test method. The test methods appear as follows:
Holding Strengths of Separable Units
25 – 32
Holding Strength of Slider Lock
92 – 100
Holding Strength of Stops
17 – 24
Resistance to Angular Pull-Off of Slider Pull
82 – 91
Resistance to Cushioned Compression of Sliders
33 – 42
Resistance to Pull-Off of Slider Pull
72 – 81
Resistance to Twist of Pull and Slider
52 – 61
Slider Deflection and Recovery
43 – 51
Strength of Chains and Elements
9 – 16
Torsional Resistance of Slider Pull for Removal of Components
62 – 71
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D76 Specification for Tensile Testing Machines for Textiles
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2050 Terminology Relating to Fasteners and Closures Used with Textiles
D2051 Test Method for Durability of Finish of Zippers to Laundering
D2052 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zippers to Drycleaning
D2053 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zippers to Light
D2054 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zipper Tapes to Crocking
D2057 Test Method for Colorfastness of Zippers to Laundering
D2058 Test Method for Durability of Finish of Zippers to Drycleaning
D2059 Test Method for Resistance of Zippers to Salt Spray (Fog)
D2060 Test Methods for Measuring Zipper Dimensions
D2062 Test Methods for Operability of Zippers
U. S. Government StandardMIL-105D Sampling Procedures and Tables for Inspection by Attributes Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS.
ICS Number Code 61.040 (Headgear. Clothing accessories. Fastening of clothing)
UNSPSC Code 53141503(Zippers)