ASTM D2047 - 11

    Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine

    Active Standard ASTM D2047 | Developed by Subcommittee: D21.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.04


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    Significance and Use

    Test Method D2047 establishes a compliance criterion relating static coefficient of friction measurements of flooring surfaces with human locomotion safety. The compliance criterion is based on extensive experiential data from residential, commercial, industrial and institutional walkway surfaces since 1942.

    Polishes and other floor maintenance coatings having a static coefficient of friction of not less than 0.5, as measured by this test method, have been recognized as providing nonhazardous walkways.

    Note 1—The value of 0.5 meets the requirements for compliance with Rule 5 on The use of terms slip retardant, slip resistant, or terms of similar import, of the Proposed Trade Practice Rules for the Floor Wax and Floor Polish Industry as issued by the Federal Trade Commission on March 17, 1953.

    The 0.5 static coefficient of friction compliance criterion of this test method is only appropriate for polish-coated surfaces tested in accordance with this machine and test method. The use of this compliance criterion with other test methods, other test instruments, and other surfaces is improper, because they are not a part of the body of experiential data upon which the conformance criterion is based.

    Note 2—The conformance criteria of this test method may be valid for other surfaces and surface coatings tested by this test method, but this has not been substantiated by correlation with experiential data.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This laboratory test method covers the use of the James Machine for the measurement of the static coefficient of friction of polish-coated flooring surfaces with respect to human locomotion safety. Further, this test method also establishes a compliance criterion to meet the requirement for a nonhazardous polished walkway surface. The test method is not intended for use on wet surfaces or on surfaces wherein the texture, projections, profile or clearance between the sculptured pattern of the surface does not permit adequate contact between the machine foot and the test surface.

    1.2 This test method is the only method appropriate for testing polishes for specification compliance with the floor polish static coefficient of friction criterion.

    1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C1028 Test Method for Determining the Static Coefficient of Friction of Ceramic Tile and Other Like Surfaces by the Horizontal Dynamometer Pull-Meter Method

    D1436 Test Methods for Application of Emulsion Floor Polishes to Substrates for Testing Purposes

    D1630 Test Method for Rubber Property--Abrasion Resistance (Footwear Abrader)

    D2825 Terminology Relating to Polishes and Related Materials

    D4103 Practice for Preparation of Substrate Surfaces for Coefficient of Friction Testing

    D6205 Practice for Calibration of the James Static Coefficient of Friction Machine

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    Federal Specification

    KK-L-165C Leather, Cattlehide, Vegetable Tanned and Chrome Retanned, Impregnated, and Soles. Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, Bldg. 4 Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094, Attn: NPODS. Type 1Factory (for Shoe Making), Class 6Strips


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.100.99 (Other products of the chemical industry); 97.080 (Cleaning appliances)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 73181014(Polishing services)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D2047-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2047-11, Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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