ASTM D2041 / D2041M - 11

    Standard Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    Active Standard ASTM D2041 / D2041M | Developed by Subcommittee: D04.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    The theoretical maximum specific gravities and densities of bituminous paving mixtures are fundamental properties whose values are influenced by the composition of the mixture in terms of types and amounts of aggregates and bituminous materials.

    Maximum specific gravity is used (1) in the calculation of air voids in the compacted bituminous paving mixture, (2) in calculating the amount of bitumen absorbed by the aggregate, and (3) to provide target values for the compaction of paving mixtures.

    Note 1—The quality of the results produced by this standard are dependent on the competence of the personnel performing the procedure and the capability, calibration, and maintenance of the equipment used. Agencies that meet the criteria of Standard Practice are generally considered capable of competent and objective testing/sampling/inspection/etc. Users of this standard are cautioned that compliance with Practice alone does not completely assure reliable results. Reliable results depend on many factors; following the suggestions of Practice or some similar acceptable guideline provides a means of evaluating and controlling some of those factors

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the theoretical maximum specific gravity and density of uncompacted bituminous paving mixtures at 25°C [77°F].

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.2.1 Residual pressure measurements are shown in both the SI unit of kPa and the commonly used non-standard equivalent unit of mm of Hg.

    1.2.2 Measurements of volume and mass are only given in SI units because they are the only units typically used in practice when performing this test method.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C670 Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials

    D979 Practice for Sampling Bituminous Paving Mixtures

    D3666 Specification for Minimum Requirements for Agencies Testing and Inspecting Road and Paving Materials

    D4753 Guide for Evaluating, Selecting, and Specifying Balances and Standard Masses for Use in Soil, Rock, and Construction Materials Testing

    E1 Specification for ASTM Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

    E12 Terminology Relating to Density and Specific Gravity of Solids, Liquids, and Gases


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.100.50 (Binders. Sealing materials); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30121500(Bituminous derivatives); 30120000(Roads and landscape)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D2041_D2041M-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D2041 / D2041M-11, Standard Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density of Bituminous Paving Mixtures, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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