Significance and Use
The composition of the oil included in rubber compounds has a large effect on the characteristics and uses of the compounds. The determination of the saturates, aromatics, and polar compounds is a key analysis of this composition.
The determination of the saturates, aromatics, and polar compounds and further analysis of the fractions produced is often used as a research method to aid understanding of oil effects in rubber and other uses.
1.1 This test method covers a procedure for classifying oil samples of initial boiling point of at least 260°C (500°F) into the hydrocarbon types of polar compounds, aromatics and saturates, and recovery of representative fractions of these types. This classification is used for specification purposes in rubber extender and processing oils.
Note 1—See Test Method D2226.
1.2 This test method is not directly applicable to oils of greater than 0.1 mass % pentane insolubles. Such oils can be analyzed after removal of these materials, but precision is degraded (see Appendix X1).
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in 6.1, Section 7, A1.4.1, and A1.5.5.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2226 Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
D5309 Specification for Cyclohexane 999
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
clay-gel absorption; elution chromatography; hydrocarbon type; liquid chromatography; petroleum derived oils; rubber extender oils; rubber processing oils; Adsorption--petroleum products/applications; Aromatic compounds; Aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs); Azobenzene activity; Characteristic groups; Clay-gel adsorption test; Fractionation products; Gel absorption chromatography; Insolubles removal; Oils; Pentane-insolubles content; Petroleum oils; Polar aromatics; Processing oils; Rubber extender oils; Solvent removal;
ICS Number Code 83.040.20 (Rubber compounding ingredients)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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