ASTM D1998 - 13

    Standard Specification for Polyethylene Upright Storage Tanks

    Active Standard ASTM D1998 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.19

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.01


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    Abstract

    This specification covers flat-bottom, upright, cylindrical tanks molded in one-piece seamless construction by rotational molding. The tanks are molded from polyethylene for above ground, vertical installation and are capable of containing aggressive chemicals at atmospheric pressure. This specification does not cover the design of vessels intended for use at pressures other than atmospheric pressure. Furthermore, this specification does not cover the design of portable tanks and is not for vessels intended for use with liquids heated above their flash points in continuous service. Special design considerations not covered in this specification shall be given to vessels subject to superimposed mechanical forces, such as seismic forces, wind load or agitation; to vessels subject to service above specified temperature; and vessels subject to specified superimposed pressure of water. Low-temperature impact test shall be performed on rotational-molded polyethylene tanks. The test method is used on tanks molded from both the crosslinked and non-crosslinked polyethylenes. Dart drop impact test shall be performed to determine the quality of the tank. O-xylene-insoluble fraction or gel test shall be performed on crosslinked polyethylene. Visual inspection and water test shall also be performed on the samples.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers flat-bottom, upright, cylindrical tanks molded in one-piece seamless construction by rotational molding. The tanks are molded from polyethylene for above ground, vertical installation and are capable of containing aggressive chemicals at atmospheric pressure. Included are requirements for materials, properties, design, construction, dimensions, tolerances, workmanship and appearance. Tank capacities are from 1900 L (500 gal) up.

    1.2 This specification does not cover the design of vessels intended for use at pressures other than atmospheric pressure. Furthermore, this specification does not cover the design of portable tanks. It is also not for vessels intended for use with liquids heated above their flash points, or temperatures above 66°C (150°F) for Type I tanks and 60°C (140°F) for Type II tanks for continuous service. NFPA Standards 30 and 31 shall be consulted for installations that are subject to the requirements of these standards.

    1.3 Special design considerations not covered in this specification shall be given to vessels subject to superimposed mechanical forces, such as seismic forces, wind load or agitation; to vessels subject to service temperature in excess of 23°C (73.4°F); and vessels subject to superimposed pressure exceeding 25.4 cm (10 in.) of water or 2.5 × 10−3 MPa (0.36 psi).

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    Note 1ISO 13341:2005+A1:2011 and ISO 13575:2012 are similar, but not equivalent to this standard.

    1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 11, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    NFPA Standards

    30 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Code Available from National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101.

    31 Installation of Oil Burning Equipment

    ASTM Standards

    D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1693 Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics

    D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products

    D3892 Practice for Packaging/Packing of Plastics

    D4703 Practice for Compression Molding Thermoplastic Materials into Test Specimens, Plaques, or Sheets

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    OSHA Standard

    29CFR1910.106 Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Available from Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210.

    ANSI Standard

    B-16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.020.10 (Stationary containers and tanks)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 24111803(Storage tanks); 30265802(Plastic sheet)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1998

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