Active Standard ASTM D1987 | Developed by Subcommittee: D35.02
Book of Standards Volume: 04.13
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
5.1 This test method is performance oriented for determining if, and to what degree, different liquids create biological activity on geotextile filters thereby reducing their flow capability. The use of the method is primarily oriented toward landfill leachates but can be performed with any liquid coming from a particular site or synthesized from a predetermined mixture of biological microorganisms.
5.3 This test will usually take considerable time, for example, up to 1000 h, for the biological activity to initiate, grow, and reach an equilibrium condition. The curves resulting from the test are intended to indicate the in situ behavior of a geotextile or soil/geotextile filter.
5.4 The test specimen can be incubated under non-saturated drained conditions between readings, or kept saturated at all times. The first case allows for air penetration into the flow column and thus aerobic conditions. The second case can result in the absence of air, thus it may simulate anaerobic conditions.
5.5 The flow rate can be determined using either a constant head test procedure or on the basis of a falling head test procedure. In either case the flow column containing the geotextile or soil/geotextile is the same, only the head control devices change.
5.7 The resulting flow rate curves are intended for use in the design of full scale geotextile or soil/geotextile filtration systems and possible remediation schemes in the case of landfill lechate collection and removal systems.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D4354 Practice for Sampling of Geosynthetics and Rolled Erosion Control Products(RECPs) for Testing
D4439 Terminology for Geosynthetics
D4491 Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity
D5101 Test Method for Measuring the Filtration Compatibility of Soil-Geotextile Systems
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
G22 Practice for Determining Resistance of Plastics to Bacteria
ICS Number Code 59.080.70 (Geotextiles)