ASTM D1934 - 95(2012)

    Standard Test Method for Oxidative Aging of Electrical Insulating Petroleum Oils by Open-Beaker Method

    Active Standard ASTM D1934 | Developed by Subcommittee: D27.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.03


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    Significance and Use

    Open-beaker oxidative aging methods have been used for many years in laboratories of oil companies, electrical equipment manufacturers, and electric utility companies interested in the stability of electrical insulating oils under oxidative conditions. They are particularly useful as a check on the continuity of production and shipment of insulating oils. They are also useful as process and product checks for applicable type oils.

    Specification limits for oils subjected to open-beaker oxidative aging by this method are established by agreement between individual producers and consumers of applicable type oils. These properties of the oil involved in specification limits for aging stability may be measured after the oxidative aging (and sometimes before aging) by appropriate test methods such as Test Method D924, Test Method D1169, and Test Method D664.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers two procedures for subjecting electrical insulating oils to oxidative aging:

    1.1.1 Procedure A, without a metal catalyst, and

    1.1.2 Procedure B, with a metal catalyst.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to oils used as impregnating or pressure media in electrical power transmission cables if less than 10 % of the oil evaporates during the aging procedures. It applies and is generally useful primarily in the evaluation and quality control of unused oils, either inhibited or uninhibited.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D664 Test Method for Acid Number of Petroleum Products by Potentiometric Titration

    D923 Practices for Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

    D924 Test Method for Dissipation Factor (or Power Factor) and Relative Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Electrical Insulating Liquids

    D1169 Test Method for Specific Resistance (Resistivity) of Electrical Insulating Liquids

    E145 Specification for Gravity-Convection and Forced-Ventilation Ovens

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 29.040.10 (Insulating oils)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 15121505(Transformer oil or insulating oil)


    DOI: 10.1520/D1934-95R12

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