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Significance and Use
5.1 A major factor affecting the long term performance of insulating materials is thermal degradation. It is possible that factors, such as moisture and vibration, will cause failures after the material has been weakened by thermal degradation.
5.3 The thermal degradation of the varnish results in weight loss, porosity, crazing, and generally a reduction in flexibility. Degradation of the varnish can be detected by a decrease in dielectric strength, which is therefore used as the failure criterion for this test method.
5.4 Electrical insulating varnishes undergo flexing in service due to vibration and thermal expansion. For this reason, this functional test includes flexing and elongation of the insulation. The electrodes used in this test method are designed to elongate the outer surface of the specimen 2 % with respect to the neutral axis of the base fiber while being tested for dielectric breakdown.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of the relative thermal endurance of flexible electrical insulating varnishes by determining the time necessary at elevated temperatures to decrease the dielectric breakdown of the varnish to an arbitrarily selected value when applied to a standard glass fiber fabric.
1.2 This test method does not apply to varnishes that lose a high percentage of their dielectric breakdown voltage when flexed before elevated temperature exposure as prescribed in the screening test (Section 9). Examples of such varnishes are those used for high speed armatures and laminated structures. Also, this test method is not applicable to varnishes which distort sufficiently during thermal elevated temperature exposure so that they cannot be tested using the curved electrode assembly.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 7.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation
D580 Specification for Greige Woven Glass Tapes and Webbings
D1346 Test Method for Testing Electrical Insulating Varnishes for 180 C and Above
D1711 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulation
D2518 Specification for Woven Glass Fabrics for Electrical Insulation
D5423 Specification for Forced-Convection Laboratory Ovens for Evaluation of Electrical Insulation
D6054 Practice for Conditioning Electrical Insulating Materials for Testing
IEEE PublicationsIEEENo.101A Guide for the Statistical Analysis of Thermal Life Test Data (including Appendix A)
IEC PublicationsIEC60216 Guide for the Determination of Thermal Endurance Properties of Electrical Insulating Materials (Part 1) Available from American National Standards Institute, 25 West 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.
ICS Number Code 29.035.60 (Varnished fabrics)
UNSPSC Code 31211707(Varnishes)