ASTM D1895 - 96(2010)e1

    Standard Test Methods for Apparent Density, Bulk Factor, and Pourability of Plastic Materials

    Active Standard ASTM D1895 | Developed by Subcommittee: D20.70

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.01


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    Significance and Use

    These test methods provide useful indexes of performance of plastic materials such as powders and granules with respect to their handling in packaging and fabrication.

    Apparent density is a measure of the fluffiness of a material.

    Bulk factor is a measure of volume change that may be expected in fabrication.

    Pourability characterizes the handling properties of a finely divided plastic material. It is a measure of the readiness with which such materials will flow through hoppers and feed tubes and deliver uniform weights of material.

    1. Scope

    1.1 1These test methods cover the measurement of apparent density, bulk factor, and where applicable, the pourability of plastic materials such as molding powders. Different procedures are given for application to the various forms of these materials that are commonly encountered, from fine powders and granules to large flakes and cut fibers.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 1—Test Method A is equivalent to ISO Method R 60 as described in the appendix. Test Method C is identical with ISO Method R 61.

    5.1 Test Method A (see Note 1) covers the measurement of the apparent density of the fine granules and powders that can be poured readily through a small funnel.

    8.1 Test Method B covers the measurement of the apparent density of coarse, granular materials, including dice and pellets, that either cannot be poured or that pour with difficulty through the funnel described in Test Method A.

    11.1 Test Method C (see Note 1) covers the measurement of the apparent density of materials supplied in the form of coarse flakes, chips, cut fibers, or strands. Such materials cannot be poured through the funnels described in Test Methods A and B. Also, since they ordinarily are very bulky when loosely poured and since they usually are compressible to a lesser bulk, even by hand, a measure of their density under a small load is appropriate and useful.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D1505 Test Method for Density of Plastics by the Density-Gradient Technique

    ISO Standards

    R61 Determination of Apparent Density of Molding Material that Cannot be Poured from a Specified Funnel


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 83.080.01 (Plastics in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 13100000(Rubber and elastomers)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/D1895-96R10E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM D1895-96(2010)e1, Standard Test Methods for Apparent Density, Bulk Factor, and Pourability of Plastic Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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