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This specification covers commercial hexanes used in the preparation of adhesives, coatings, and printing inks, as raw materials in chemical synthesis, and as solvents in various kinds of extraction operations. The commercial hexanes should conform to the specified requirements for aniline point, apparent specific gravity, bromine index, color Pt-Co, distillation range, kauri-butanol value, nonvolatile matter content, odor, sulfur content, and benzene content.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers the range of products commonly referred to as hexanes, which find uses in the preparation of adhesives, coatings, and printing inks, as raw materials in chemical synthesis operations, and as solvents in various kinds of extraction operations.
1.2 The following applies to all specified limits in this standard; for purposes of determining conformance with this standard, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded off “to the nearest unit” in the last right-hand digit used in expressing the specification limit, in accordance with the rounding-off method of Practice E29.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D156 Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)
D268 Guide for Sampling and Testing Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates for Use in Paint and Related Coatings and Material
D611 Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents
D1078 Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids
D1133 Test Method for Kauri-Butanol Value of Hydrocarbon Solvents
D1209 Test Method for Color of Clear Liquids (Platinum-Cobalt Scale)
D1296 Test Method for Odor of Volatile Solvents and Diluents
D1353 Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products
D2710 Test Method for Bromine Index of Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Electrometric Titration
D3120 Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry
D4367 Test Method for Benzene in Hydrocarbon Solvents by Gas Chromatography
D5386 Test Method for Color of Liquids Using Tristimulus Colorimetry
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
U.S. Federal SpecificationPPP-C-2020 Chemicals, Liquid, Dry, and Paste: Packaging of Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
ICS Number Code 71.080.10 (Aliphatic hydrocarbons)
UNSPSC Code 12191502(Aliphatic solvents)